Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review

Jane Fisher, Meena Cabral de Mello, Vikram Patel, Atif Rahman, Thach Tran, Sara Holton & Wendy Holmes

Volume 90, Number 2, February 2012, 139-149H

Table 4. Overall and health-sector-specific weighted mean prevalence of common perinatal mental disorders (CPMDs) in different facilities in low-and lower-middle-income countries

Facility type Total sample (No. of studies) Prevalence range (%) Weighted mean prevalence (%) 95% CI
CPMD during pregnancy
All studies 5 774 (13) 5.2–32.9 15.6 15.4–15.9
Tertiary hospitals 2 190 (5) 5.2–14.4 10.3 10.1–10.4
Provincial or district health services 1 526 (5) 8.3–32.9 17.8 17.4–18.3
Community 2 058 (3) 12.0–33.0 19.7 19.2–20.1
CPMD after childbirth
All studies 11 581 (34) 4.9–59.4 19.8 19.5–20.0
Tertiary hospitals 3 600 (11) 9.1–27.2 13.6 13.5–13.8
Tertiary hospitals and community clinics 2 876 (7) 4.9–32.9 18.9 18.7–19.3
Provincial or district health services 3 999 (12) 6.1–35.5 20.4 20.1–20.8
Community 1 106 (4) 28.0–59.4 39.4 38.6–40.3

CI, confidence interval.