Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Influenza-associated mortality in temperate and subtropical Chinese cities, 2003–2008

Luzhao Feng, David K Shay, Yong Jiang, Hong Zhou, Xin Chen, Yingdong Zheng, Lili Jiang, Qingjun Zhang, Hong Lin, Shaojie Wang, Yanyan Ying, Yanjun Xu, Nanda Wang, Zijian Feng, Cecile Viboud, Weizhong Yang & Hongjie Yu

Volume 90, Number 4, April 2012, 279-288B

Table 1. All-cause (AC) deaths and codeda causes of death in eight cities, China, 2003–2008

City and year Population (millions) Deaths per 100 000 people (% of AC)
AC R&C IHD COPD P&I In
Three northern citiesb
2003 9.8 580.5 272.7 (47.0) 64.2 (11.1) 23.1 (4.0) 9.2 (1.6) 0.4 (0.1)
2004 9.9 613.1 294.0 (48.0) 72.0 (11.8) 25.4 (4.1) 8.9 (1.5) 0.3 (0.1)
2005 10.1 614.2 306.7 (49.9) 80.2 (13.1) 23.6 (3.8) 8.3 (1.4) 0.2 (0.0)
2006 10.2 612.9 308.3 (50.3) 87.8 (14.3) 26.6 (4.3) 8.3 (1.4) 0.3 (0.0)
2007 10.3 623.6 312.7 (50.1) 89.8 (14.4) 30.4 (4.9) 8.5 (1.4) 0.1 (0.0)
2008 10.4 659.1 319.0 (48.4) 94.7 (14.4) 28.9 (4.4) 8.2 (1.2) 0.1 (0.0)
Mean 10.1 617.7 302.5 (49.0) 81.7 (13.2) 26.4 (4.3) 8.6 (1.4) 0.2 (0.0)
Five southern citiesc
2003 21.3 690.4 322.4 (46.7) 56.6 (8.2) 93.8 (13.6) 6.1 (0.9) 0.2 (0.0)
2004 21.4 673.3 306.1 (45.5) 56.4 (8.4) 77.4 (11.5) 6.5 (1.0) 0.1 (0.0)
2005 21.6 707.6 330.0 (46.6) 62.8 (8.9) 81.6 (11.5) 6.9 (1.0) 0.2 (0.0)
2006 21.7 668.4 300.7 (45.0) 61.6 (9.2) 69.4 (10.4) 6.1 (0.9) 0.1 (0.0)
2007 21.9 708.0 325.6 (46.0) 68.3 (9.6) 74.9 (10.6) 6.5 (0.9) 0.1 (0.0)
2008 22.4 702.1 330.8 (47.1) 71.4 (10.2) 75.2 (10.7) 8.5 (1.2) 0.1 (0.0)
Mean 21.7 691.7 319.3 (46.2) 62.9 (9.1) 78.7 (11.4) 6.8 (1.0) 0.1 (0.0)

R&C, respiratory and circulatory disease; IHD, ischaemic heart disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; P&I, pneumonia and influenza; In, influenza.

a International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, tenth revision.28

b Dalian, Qingdao and Zhaoyuan.

c Guangzhou, Ningbo, Shanghai, Wuhan and Yichang.