Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Rising mortality from injury in urban China: demographic burden, underlying causes and policy implications

Jiaying Zhao, Edward Jow-Ching Tu, Christine McMurray & Adrian Sleigh

Volume 90, Number 6, June 2012, 461-467

Table 2. Trends in demographic and development indicators of injury risk for selected cities, China

Injury risk Indicator Beijing
Shanghai
Guangzhou
Xi’an
1992 2010 1992 2010 1992 2009 1992 2009
Population factors
Population size (millions) 11.02 19.62 13.65 23.03 6.12 10.33 6.23 8.43
Population density (people per square km) 656 1195 2154 3632 823 1390 624 834
Proportion of migrants (%) 5.2 35.9 4.5 39.0 23.1 7.3
Economic growth
Per capita GDP (US$)a 1171 11 684 1488 11 704 1525 13 705 483 4969
Investment in fixed assets (US$ per capita) 438 4308 475 3553 560 3960 96 4560
Motorization (vehicles per 10 000 population) 429 2451 196 1345 233 1891 96 895
Injury risks per year
No. of fire accidents (events per 10 000 households)b 2.07 7.94 3.94 6.91 1.57 3.26 2.58 5.93
Fatalities per 10 000 population 0.45 0.50 0.43 0.44 1.37 1.09 0.57 0.63
Fatalities per 10 000 vehicles 10.50 2.03 22.11 3.26 58.74 5.79 59.01 7.03

GDP, gross domestic product; US$, United States dollars.

a US$ 1 = 5.5 Chinese yuan in 1992; US$ 1 = 6.5 Chinese yuan in 2009 or 2010.

b Household number is based on the 2010 census (for 2009 and 2010) and on data from statistical yearbooks (for 1992).

Source: Data were obtained from Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou and Xi’an Statistics Year Books.2,2026