Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Supplementary polio immunization activities and prior use of routine immunization services in non-polio-endemic sub-Saharan Africa

Stephane Helleringer, Jemima A Frimpong, Jalaa Abdelwahab, Patrick Asuming, Hamadassalia Touré, John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Thomas Abachie & Flavia Guidetti

Volume 90, Number 7, July 2012, 495-503

Table 1. Data on surveys and surveyed children aged < 5 years used to evaluate participation in polio supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in 15 non-polio-endemic sub-Saharan African countries

Country Year of most recent WPV casea Survey
Children
Date of the SIAb Type No of months between survey and SIA. Total no.c Had known
birth dated
Born by time of SIAe
Had valid SIA participation dataf
Had health cardg
Had health card seenh
No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %
Burundi 2009 22 Sep. 1999 MICS 7–8 3 325 2 821 84.8 2 317 82.1 2 177 94.0 1 905 87.5 1 172 61.5
Namibia 2006 15 Jun. 2000 DHS 3–7 3 784 2 979 78.7 2 656 89.2 2 507 94.4 2 451 97.8 1 727 70.5
Mali 2011 20 Oct. 2000 DHS 3–7 11 109 9 199 82.8 8 036 87.4 7 832 97.5 5 459 69.7 2 784 51.0
Benin 2009 19 Oct. 2000 DHS 10–12 4 740 3 260 68.8 2 429 74.5 2 354 96.9 2 244 95.4 1 669 74.4
Lesotho Pre-1996 26 Jul. 2004 DHS 1–5 3 340 1 511 45.2 1 414 93.6 1 374 97.2 1 349 98.2 986 73.1
Senegal 2010 8 Oct. 2004 DHS 4–8 10 106 2 623 26.0 2 207 84.1 2 198 99.6 2 092 95.2 1 320 63.1
Guinea 2011 8 Oct. 2004 DHS 4–8 5 641 1 341 23.8 1 087 81.1 1 073 98.7 984 91.7 688 69.9
Sierra Leone 2010 8 Oct. 2004 MICS 11–13 5 246 4 101 78.2 3 233 78.8 3 143 97.2 2 704 86.0 1 121 41.5
Sierra Leone 2010 15 Feb. 2005 MICS 7–9 5 246 4 101 78.2 3 451 84.2 3 420 99.1 2 944 86.1 1 267 43.0
Niger 2011 9 Apr. 2005 DHS 9–13 8 209 2 228 27.1 1 714 76.9 1 683 98.2 1 190 70.7 805 67.6
Benin 2009 11 Nov. 2005 DHS 9–13 14 682 9 741 66.3 7 528 77.3 7 419 98.5 7 061 95.2 4 421 62.6
Burkina Faso 2009 15 Nov. 2005 MICS 4–7 5 283 3 383 64.0 2 974 87.9 2 947 99.1 2 796 94.9 2 376 85.0
Guinea-Bissau Pre-1996 18 Nov. 2005 MICS 6–8 5 845 5 288 90.5 4 608 87.1 4 473 97.1 4 280 95.7 2 923 68.3
Côte d'Ivoire 2011 11 Nov. 2005 MICS 9–11 8 604 7 443 86.5 5 849 78.6 5 692 97.3 5 042 88.6 3 907 77.5
Gambia 2000 11 Nov. 2005 MICS 1–4 6 543 6 505 99.4 6 016 92.5 6 004 99.8 5 896 98.2 3 605 61.1
Togo 2009 11 Nov. 2005 MICS 6–8 3 820 2 983 78.1 2 579 86.5 2 531 98.1 2 300 90.9 1 645 71.5
Niger 2011 12 Nov. 2005 DHS 2–6 8 209 2 228 27.1 1 999 89.7 1 963 98.2 1 403 71.5 984 70.1
Côte d'Ivoire 2011 12 May 2006 MICS 3–5 8 604 7 443 86.5 6 789 91.2 6 664 98.2 5 920 88.8 4 603 77.8
Benin 2009 27 May 2006 DHS 3–6 14 682 9 741 66.3 8 907 91.4 8 778 98.5 8 353 95.2 5 452 65.3
Namibia 2006 20 Jun. 2006 DHS 5–9 4 858 3 899 80.3 3 231 82.9 3 154 97.6 3 069 97.3 2 159 70.4
Ghanai 2008 6 Mar. 2010 MoTeCH 1–5 1 594 1 594 100.0 1 482 93.0 1 463 98.7 1 443 98.6 1 379 95.6

DHS, Demographic and Health Survey; MICS, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey; MoTeCH, Mobile Technology for Community Health.

a Obtained from a database maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO; available at: http://apps.who.int/immunization_monitoring/en/diseases/poliomyelitis/case_count.cfm).

b Obtained either from survey questionnaires or from a calendar of SIAs, maintained by WHO (available at: http://apps.who.int/immunization_monitoring/en/globalsummary/siacalendar/padvancedsia.cfm).

c Denotes children who were alive at the time of the survey.

d Denotes children with a known day, month and year of birth. Percentages were calculated by dividing these values by the no. of children surveyed.

e Determined by comparing the reported date of birth and the date of the SIA. Percentages were calculated by dividing these values by the no. of children with a known birth date.

f Denotes children without missing SIA survey data. Percentages were calculated by dividing these values by the no. of children born by the SIA date.

g Denotes children with a health card containing their vaccination history. Percentages were calculated by dividing these values by the no. of children without missing SIA survey data.

h Denotes children with a health card reviewed by a survey interviewer. Percentages were calculated by dividing these values by the no. of children with a health card.

i Kassena-Nankana East and West districts in the Upper East Region.

Sources: DHSs, MICSs, MoTeCH survey and WHO.