Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Improved and standardized method for assessing years lived with disability after injury

JA Haagsma, S Polinder, RA Lyons, J Lund, V Ditsuwan, M Prinsloo, JL Veerman & EF van Beeck

Volume 90, Number 7, July 2012, 513-521

Table 2. Estimates of the years lived with disability (YLD) as the result of unintentional injury, in the Netherlands, South Africa (Ceres) and Thailand

Disability estimated using:
New method
GBD method
Short-term Lifelong All Short-term Lifelong All
Netherlands
Cases treated in ED
  Incidence 731 237 12 379 743 616 741 129 2487 743 616
  YLD 20 436 56 861 77 297 7685 14 970 22 655
  YLD per case 0.028 4.593 0.104 0.010 6.020 0.030
Hospitalized cases
  Incidence 66 703 17 523 84 226 81 645 2581 84 226
  YLD 19 181 60 312 79 493 4835 24 765 29 600
  YLD per case 0.288 3.442 0.943 0.059 9.594 0.351
Thailand
Cases treated in ED
  Incidence 42 423 1908 42 711 42 603 108 42 711
  YLD 1007 2915 2915 115 871 986
  YLD per case 0.024 6.616 0.068 0.027 8.065 0.430
Hospitalized cases
  Incidence 344 180 37 131 381 311 369 515 11 796 381 311
  YLD 73 097 370 630 443 727 4639 104 910 109 549
  YLD per case 0.212 9.982 1.164 0.013 8.894 0.287
Ceres, South Africa
Cases treated in ED
  Incidence 1103 8 1110 1107 3 1110
  YLD 58 81 140 4 13 17
  YLD per case 0.053 10.357 0.126 0.004 4.013 0.016
Cases treated in ED
  Incidence 152 15 167 164 3 167
  YLD 29 155 184 3 29 33
  YLD per case 0.194 10.344 1.105 0.021 10.632 0.195

ED, emergency departments; GBD, Global Burden of Disease.