Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Male circumcision programmes in Kenya: lessons from the Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2007

Zebedee Mwandi, Rebecca Bunnell, Peter Cherutich, Jonathan Mermin, Andrea A Kim, Anthony Gichangi, Patrick Mureithi, Timothy A Kellogg, Tom Oluoch, James Muttunga, Carol Ngare, Evelyn Kim & Reinhard Kaiser

Volume 90, Number 9, September 2012, 642-651

Table 3. Uncircumcised, HIV-uninfected men aged 15–64 years, Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2007

Variable Uncircumcised, HIV-uninfected men (n = 835)
No. Weighted %a (95% CI)
Age group, years
15–24 439 55.0 (51.2–58.9)
25–34 155 17.5 (14.2–20.8)
35–44 94 11.1 (8.9–13.4)
45–54 86 9.2 (7.2–11.1)
55–64 61 7.2 (5.1–9.3)
Total 835 100 (NA)
Province
Nairobi 101 9.9 (5.5–14.3)
Central 43 4.9 (2.9–6.9)
Coast 19 1.4 (0.5–2.3)
Eastern 48 5.3 (2.8–7.9)
North-Eastern 8 0.4 (0.0–0.7)
Nyanza 405 49.3 (42.4–56.3)
Rift Valley 100 18.4 (13.1–23.8)
Western 111 10.3 (5.8–14.9)
Total 835 100 (NA)
Area of residence
Rural 640 80.2 (74.6–85.8)
Urban 195 19.8 (14.2–25.4)
Total 835 100 (NA)
Educational level
No primary 40 6.3 (3.3–9.2)
Incomplete primary 341 42.5 (37.7–47.2)
Complete primary 191 22.5 (19.2–25.7)
Secondary or higher 263 28.8 (24.4–33.1)
Total 835 100 (NA)
Marital status
Never married or cohabited 421 52.5 (48.6–56.5)
Currently married or cohabiting 382 44.1 (40.4–47.7)
Separated or divorced 22 2.2 (1.1–3.3)
Widowed 10 1.2 (0.2–2.2)
Total 835 100 (NA)
Ethnic tribe
Embu 2 0.3 (0.0–0.6)
Kalenjin 36 6.7 (2.2–11.2)
Kamba 6 1.1 (0.0–2.3)
Kikuyu 47 5.8 (3.2–8.3)
Kisii 4 0.4 (0.0–1.0)
Luhya 62 5.5 (2.1–8.9)
Luo 540 63.1 (56.5–69.6)
Masai 3 0.5 (0.0–1.1)
Meru 29 3.6 (1.6–5.6)
Mijikenda 0 0 (NA)
Somali 5 0.3 (0.0–0.6)
Taita/Taveta 2 0.1 (0.0–0.2)
Swahili 0 0 (NA)
Other 99 12.8 (7.9–17.7)
Total 835 100 (NA)
Self-reported HIV statusb
Never tested or unknownc 627 77.8 (73.9–81.8)
Negative 185 22.1 (18.1–26.1)
Positive 1 0.1 (0.0–0.3)
Total 813 100 (NA)
HSV-2 infection
No 526 66.8 (63.4–70.3)
Yes 275 33.2 (29.7–36.6)
Total 801 100 (NA)
Consistent condom use with most recent partner in the last 12 months
Yes 83 14.7 (11.2–18.1)
No 465 85.3 (81.9–88.8)
Total 548 100 (NA)
No. of sexual partners of unknown or discordant HIV status in last 12 months
0 120 21.8 (16.2–27.5)
1 340 62.9 (56.5–69.3)
2 65 11.6 (8.5–14.6)
3+ 23 3.7 (2.0–5.3)
Total 548 100 (NA)
Had unprotected sex in the last 12 monthsd
With partner of unknown or discordant HIV status 345 65.3 (58.8–71.8)
With partner of concordant HIV status 108 19.8 (15.2–24.5)
Did not have unprotected sex 80 14.9 (11.3–18.4)
Total 533 100 (NA)

CI, confidence interval; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; HSV-2, herpes simplex virus 2; NA, not applicable.

a Each man’s response was weighted to take its sampling probability into account and to adjust for the nonresponse rate.

b Only 813 of the 835 uncircumcised, HIV-uninfected men responded to the question regarding known HIV status.

c HIV status was unknown for 16 men.

d An individual was classified as having had unprotected sex in the last 12 months if he had sex without protection during at least one of the three most recent sex acts in the last 12 months.