Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Factors affecting catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment from medical expenses in China: policy implications of universal health insurance

Ye Li, Qunhong Wu, Ling Xu, David Legge, Yanhua Hao, Lijun Gao, Ning Ning & Gang Wan

Volume 90, Number 9, September 2012, 664-671

Table 2. Catastrophic health expenditure distribution among different households and areas, China, 2008

Household characteristic Area (%)
All Urban Rural Eastern Middle Western
Member with chronic disease 23.1 17.1 26.0** 19.8 23.9 25.9**
Member > 60 years of age 19.7 15.1 21.9** 17.8 20.5 21.0**
Member < 5 years of age 14.3 7.9 15.8** 13.5 14.6 14.6
Hospitalized member 32.8 26.6 35.0** 31.9 32.8 33.4**
Health insurance status
MIUE 9.4 9.2 10.8 8.5 9.6 10.5*
MIUR 8.5 8.9 6.4 7.9 12.1 7.2
NCMS 14.8 9.3 14.9** 13.8 14.1 16.0**
Other insurance plan 12.2 11.6 13.6 10.6 18.5 9.5
None 11.7 10.8 13.0* 8.8 12.5 13.1**

MIUE, Medical Insurance for Urban Employees; MIUR, Medical Insurance for Urban Residents; NCMS, New Cooperative Medical Scheme; *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01.