A cross-sectional community study of post-traumatic stress disorder and social support in Lao People's Democratic Republic
Bouavanh Southivong, Masao Ichikawa, Shinji Nakahara & Chanhpheng Southivong
Volume 91, Number 10, October 2013, 765-772
Table 2. Perceived social support and post-traumtaic stress disorder (PTSD) scores among residents of Sepone district injured and not injured by landmines and unexploded ordnance, Lao People's Democratic Republic, 2011
|Social support/PTSD||Mean scorea
||Difference in means (95% CI)|
|Perceived social support||71.7||72.7||−1.00 (−3.58 to 1.58)|
|Tangible support||87.7||87.7||0.02 (−2.51 to 2.54)|
|Affectionate support||72.7||73.3||−0.59 (−3.68 to 2.50)|
|Emotional/informational support||68.0||69.1||−1.10 (−4.36 to 2.16)|
|Positive social interaction||62.4||64.5||−2.11 (−5.30 to 1.09)|
|PTSD score||2.01||1.72||0.29 (0.22 to 0.36)|
CI, confidence interval.
a PTSD symptoms were measured with the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire.19,20 Social support was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey.22 PTSD scores range from 1 to 4 and social support scores, from 0 to 100.
b Civilian residents of Sepone district at least 18 years old injured by landmines or unexploded ordnance.
c Civilian residents of Sepone district at least 18 years old not injured by landmines or unexploded ordnance.