Bulletin of the World Health Organization

A cross-sectional community study of post-traumatic stress disorder and social support in Lao People's Democratic Republic

Bouavanh Southivong, Masao Ichikawa, Shinji Nakahara & Chanhpheng Southivong

Volume 91, Number 10, October 2013, 765-772

Table 2. Perceived social support and post-traumtaic stress disorder (PTSD) scores among residents of Sepone district injured and not injured by landmines and unexploded ordnance, Lao People's Democratic Republic, 2011

Social support/PTSD Mean scorea
Difference in means (95% CI)
Injuredb Non-injuredc
Perceived social support 71.7 72.7 −1.00 (−3.58 to 1.58)
Tangible support 87.7 87.7 0.02 (−2.51 to 2.54)
Affectionate support 72.7 73.3 −0.59 (−3.68 to 2.50)
Emotional/informational support 68.0 69.1 −1.10 (−4.36 to 2.16)
Positive social interaction 62.4 64.5 −2.11 (−5.30 to 1.09)
PTSD score 2.01 1.72 0.29 (0.22 to 0.36)

CI, confidence interval.

a PTSD symptoms were measured with the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire.19,20 Social support was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey.22 PTSD scores range from 1 to 4 and social support scores, from 0 to 100.

b Civilian residents of Sepone district at least 18 years old injured by landmines or unexploded ordnance.

c Civilian residents of Sepone district at least 18 years old not injured by landmines or unexploded ordnance.