Development assistance for health in Africa: are we telling the right story?
Nathalie Van de Maele, David B Evans & Tessa Tan-Torres
Volume 91, Number 7, July 2013, 483-490
Table 3. Description of the DAH data sources compared in this article
|Source||Data comprehensiveness||Mandatory reporting||Data broken down by subsector and reporting on health MDGs||Uses in our research|
|OECD-DAC-CRS||All 23 DAC bilateral, 2 non-DAC bilateral, 29 multilateral and 1 private donor||Only for DAC countries; other reporting voluntary||Partially (methods for better reporting of maternal and child health expenditures under discussion)||Used for analysis of flows by recipients and by donors and by the lowest and highest recipients of aid|
|OECD- DAC-CPA||23 DAC bilateral, 2 non-DAC bilateral, 20 multilateral||Extracted by OECD DAC secretariat from CRS database. Follows same mandatory reporting as CRS data||No||Used for analysis of flows by recipients and by donors|
|IHME||Estimates missing CRS data points; supplements CRS data with US-based foundations and NGO data||Adjusted CRS data based on estimation methods (1990–2010; 4 consecutive yearly reports)||By HIV, TB, malaria and child and maternal subsectors, but not by recipient countries. Allocation is based on word search and dividing equally by the number of searched tagged words||Used for analysis of flows by recipients|
|AidData||Claims to include comprehensive tracking of commitments by bilateral and multilateral donors; does not report private donors||CRS-reported flows,
||Information on health-related MDGs is available but cannot be reliably divided by activity codes. Should be used as flags for users wishing to isolate projects with a specific activity
||Used for analysis of flows by recipients|
|GHED||In theory captures all expenditures from external sources in a country, but sometimes these have to be projected between years or estimated from OECD data||WHO reports for all Member States after country consultations||No||Used for analysis of flows by recipients and by the lowest and highest recipients of aid|
|Health accounts||Includes all bilateral, multilateral and private donors, yet donor response rate remains a challenge||About 8 African countries produce health accounts annually;
||Only a few countries routinely break down expenditure by major diseases/conditions, but most have undertaken at least one disease-specific tracking exercise||Used for analysis of flows by recipients|
CPA, country programmable aid; CRS, Creditor Reporting System; DAC, Development Assistance Committee; DAH, development assistance for health; GHED, Global Health Expenditure Database; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; IHME, Institute of Health Metrics Evaluation; MDG, Millenium Development Goal; NGO, nongovernmental organization; OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; TB, tuberculosis; US, United States of America; WHO, World Health Organization.