Interventions for common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Atif Rahman, Jane Fisher, Peter Bower, Stanley Luchters, Thach Tran, M Taghi Yasamy, Shekhar Saxena & Waquas Waheed
Volume 91, Number 8, August 2013, 593-601I
Table 3. Outcomes of interest, effect measures and effect sizes from studies of interventions for common perinatal mental disorders among women in low- and middle-income countries
|Outcome of interest||No. of trials||No. of participants||Effect measure||Effect size|
|Maternal depression||13a||15 429||SMD (95% CI)||–0.38 (–0.56 to –0.21)|
|At 3 or 4 months postpartum||5||943||SMD (95% CI)||–0.59 (–0.95 to –0.24)|
|At 6 months postpartum||7||1945||SMD (95% CI)||–0.27 (–0.50 to –0.05)|
|At 12 months postpartum||2||12 541||SMD (95% CI)||–0.19 (–0.36 to –0.04)|
|Infant health and development||6b||14 029||SMD (95% CI)||Separate dimensions onlyc|
|Infant growth||3||1125||SMD (95% CI)||0.19 (0.07 to 0.31)|
|Infant development||2||473||SMD (95% CI)||1.57 (0.28 to 2.85)|
|Infant infectious disease rate||1||705||OR (95% CI)||0.60 (0.39 to 0.98)|
|Neonatal mortality rate||1||12 431||OR (95% CI)||0.68 (0.59 to 0.78)|
|Mother–infant relationship||4||1123||SMD (95% CI)||0.36 (0.22 to 0.51)|
CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio; SMD, standardized mean difference.
a There are 14 outcomes because among trials in which maternal depression was an outcome of interest, one collected data at two time points, each reported in separate papers.
b There are seven outcomes because among trials presenting infant health and development outcomes, one reported two outcomes.
c Since diverse infant outcomes were assessed, they cannot be combined and are reported separately.