Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Corrigendum

Volume 91, Number 9, September 2013, 715

Table 3. The distribution of deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene among Chinese provinces, 2008

Province Population Provincial GDP Total Diarrhoeal diseases Vector-borne infectionsa Helminthiasesb
Deathsc DALYsc,d Deathsc DALYsc,d Deathsc DALYsc,d Deathsc DALYsc,d
Tibet 2 870 000 13 824 12.70 522 12.67 520 0.03 1.52 0.00 0.86
Guizhou 37 927 300 9428 9.67 416 9.59 397 0.09 8.40 0.00 10.51
Ningxia 6 176 900 19 609 8.73 366 8.73 366 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69
Yunnan 45 430 000 12 570 8.60 365 8.55 359 0.05 5.38 0.00 1.03
Gansu 26 281 200 12 110 7.17 313 7.17 311 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.56
Jiangxi 44 000 000 15 900 6.80 298 6.79 294 0.01 0.89 0.00 2.18
Qinghai 5 543 000 18 421 6.98 295 6.98 294 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63
Xinjiang 21 308 000 19 797 6.79 288 6.79 288 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.59
Sichuan 81 380 000 15 495 6.31 286 6.27 272 0.04 4.91 0.00 8.83
Anhui 61 350 000 14 447 5.84 262 5.83 258 0.01 2.56 0.00 1.30
Shanxi 34 106 100 21 506 6.09 261 6.08 261 0.01 0.24 0.00 0.55
Hainan 8 540 000 17 691 4.44 248 4.43 192 0.01 2.21 0.00 54.16
Henan 94 290 000 19 181 5.55 247 5.53 244 0.02 2.26 0.00 0.45
Guangxi 48 160 000 14 652 5.62 246 5.60 243 0.01 2.00 0.00 0.50
Hunan 63 800 000 18 147 5.09 239 5.08 228 0.01 1.42 0.00 10.03
Inner Mongolia 24 137 300 35 263 4.79 214 4.79 214 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.38
Hebei 69 888 200 22 986 4.82 213 4.82 212 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.39
Chongqing 28 390 000 20 490 4.73 212 4.70 205 0.03 7.07 0.00 0.44
Shaan'xi 37 620 000 19 480 4.68 211 4.67 210 0.00 0.53 0.00 0.44
Hubei 57 110 000 19 858 3.86 193 3.85 181 0.01 0.59 0.00 11.88
Shandong 94 172 300 32 936 4.10 181 4.09 180 0.01 0.64 0.00 0.34
Jilin 27 340 000 23 521 3.52 163 3.52 163 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.31
Heilongjiang 38 253 900 21 740 3.49 160 3.49 160 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32
Liaoning 43 147 000 31 736 3.34 153 3.34 153 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31
Fujian 36 040 000 30 122 3.12 142 3.11 141 0.01 0.71 0.00 0.39
Guangdong 95 440 000 38 748 3.15 139 3.15 138 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.52
Zhejiang 51 200 000 42 166 2.63 118 2.63 117 0.01 0.70 0.00 0.34
Jiangsu 76 773 000 40 497 2.31 107 2.30 106 0.01 0.57 0.00 0.40
Tianjin 11 760 000 58 656 1.68 78 1.67 77 0.01 0.12 0.00 0.28
Beijing 16 950 000 66 797 1.24 59 1.24 59 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.24
Shanghai 18 884 600 75 109 0.95 46 0.95 45 0.00 0.27 0.00 0.22

GDP, gross domestic product.

a Vector-borne infections include dengue, malaria and Japanese encephalitis.

b The helminthiases include ascariasis, hookworm infection, trichuriasis and schistosomiasis.

c Per 100 000 population.

d DALYs are age-weighted and include 3% annual discounting.

Note: The estimates are based on data from the Chinese National Infectious Disease Reporting system, China’s National Helminth Infection Surveys, China’s National Survey on Rural Water and Sanitation, the Chinese Census and the Global Burden of Disease Project. Estimates of the fraction of each disease attributable to unsafe water and poor sanitation are based on a detailed review of the Chinese and international literature.