Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Control of hypertension with medication: a comparative analysis of national surveys in 20 countries

Nayu Ikeda, David Sapienza, Ramiro Guerrero, Wichai Aekplakorn, Mohsen Naghavi, Ali H Mokdad, Rafael Lozano, Christopher JL Murray & Stephen S Lim

Volume 92, Number 1, January 2014, 10-19C

Table 3. Age-standardized prevalence of hypertension, by age group, 20 countries, 1992–2011

Country, year of latest available survey Age group: 35–49 years
Age group: 35–84 yearsa
No.of survey participants Prevalence of hypertension, % (95% CI) No. of survey participants Prevalence of hypertension, % (95% CI)
Low-income countries
Albania, 200829 2 979 23.4 (21.5–25.5) NA NA
Armenia, 200530 2 961 28.8 (26.3–31.4) NA NA
Azerbaijan, 200631 4 311 17.4 (15.9–18.9) NA NA
Bangladesh, 201132 4 086 11.8 (10.6–13.1) 7 686 19.6 (18.5–20.8)
Lesotho, 200933 939 28.9 (25.4–32.7) NA NA
Ukraine, 200734 3 181 30.5 (28.5–32.6) NA NA
Uzbekistan, 200235 2 382 13.0 (11.5–14.7) NA NA
Middle-income countries
Colombia, 200736 4 400 18.6 (17.0–20.3) NA NA
Egypt, 200837 3 342 12.1 (10.9–13.3) NA NA
Islamic Republic of Iran, 200538 24 525 16.2 (15.7–16.6) NA NA
Jordan, 2007b 268 12.9 (9.9–16.6) 510 36.5 (34.0–39.1)
Mexico, 2005–200639 11 406 14.8 (13.8–15.9) 21 230 29.5 (28.5–30.5)
Russian Federation, 1992–199340 494 27.8 (25.2–30.6) 1 091 43.6 (39.4–47.9)
South Africa. 199841 3 076 19.5 (17.8–21.2) 6 694 32.7 (31.4–34.1)
Thailand, 20048 8 476 11.8 (10.6–13.1) 32 451 24.5 (23.3–25.8)
Turkey, 20036 1 534 24.7 (20.9–29.0) 3 027 41.0 (37.4–44.7)
High-income countries
England, 201042 1 501 14.9 (13.0–17.0) 4 147 31.2 (29.8–32.7)
Germany, 1997–199943 1 969 25.6 (23.5–27.9) 4 696 44.8 (43.2–46.4)
Japan, 200944 951 12.9 (10.9–15.1) 3 862 31.8 (30.3–33.2)
United States of America, 2009–201045 1 485 17.2 (14.3–20.6) 4 260 34.5 (31.6–37.5)

CI, confidence interval; NA, not available.

a The upper age limit in Germany was 74 years.

b Unpublished data, Ministry of Health, Jordan, 2007.