Mobilizing communities to improve maternal health: results of an intervention in rural Zambia
Tim Ensor, Cathy Green, Paula Quigley, Abdul Razak Badru, Dynes Kaluba & Tendayi Kureya
Volume 92, Number 1, January 2014, 51-59
Table 3. Change in maternal health indicators associated with the intervention, by analytical approach, 2011–2012, Zambia
||Adjusted for covariates
||Propensity score matching
|Difference-in-difference estimatea||tb||Difference-in-difference estimatea||tb||Difference-in-difference estimatea||tb||Difference-in-difference estimatea||tb||Difference-in-difference estimatea||tb|
|Women who used emergency transport||14.0||14.26*||14.6||14*||12.4||2.81*||13.1||2.75*||18.7||3.47*|
|Women who knew three obstetric danger signs||10.1||3.85*||10.5||3.79*||14.2||4.25*||14.9||4.44*||10.3||3.79*|
|Women who knew they should receive antenatal care in the first trimester||18.1||7.14*||16.6||6.18*||15.5||4.97*||14.5||4.43*||15.7||6.54*|
|Women who received four or more antenatal care visits from a skilled birth attendant, with the first in the first trimester||5.5||2.08*||4.7||1.70||5.0||1.52||6.1||1.68||4.0||1.4|
|All deliveries involving a skilled birth attendant||21.4||8.32*||18.4||6.8*||24.0||7.51*||22.0||6.48*||22.0||8.56*|
|Deliveries involving a skilled birth attendant at a health-care facility||19.3||6.02*||16.3||6.02*||21.0||6.23*||18.7||5.2*||16.4||5.9*|
|Women who received postnatal care within 6 days||2.3||0.88||0.6||0.23||2.5||0.75||5.3||1.50||0.2||0.08|
|Women who used modern contraception immediately after giving birth||6.8||2.57*||7.1||2.55*||4.0||1.29||6.0||1.66||6.0||2.09*|
* P < 0.05.
a The difference-in-difference estimate is a measure of the difference between the change from before to after treatment in intervention districts and the change from before to after treatment in control districts. It is given in percentage points.
b The t-statistic is the ratio of the change in percentage to the standard error.