Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Health system strengthening and hypertension awareness, treatment and control: data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

Xing Lin Feng, Mingfan Pang & John Beard

Volume 92, Number 1, January 2014, 29-41

Table 1. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of surveyed subjects, China, 2011–2012

Characteristic All subjects Urban subjects Rural subjects
No. % unweighted % weighted No. % unweighted % weighted No. % unweighted % weighted
Region
Eastern 5 143 37.5 43.0 1 908 37.7 46.7 3 235 37.5 39.4
Central 5 157 37.6 34.3 2 092 41.3 35.3 3 065 35.5 33.4
Western 3 407 24.9 22.7 1 068 21.1 18.1 2 339 27.1 27.2
Setting
Long-term urban 5 068 37.0 49.1 5 068 100.0 100.0
Urban migrant from rural area 5 822 42.5 33.0 5 822 67.4 64.9
Long-term rural 2 817 20.6 17.9 2 817 32.6 35.1
Sex
Female 7 300 53.3 52.8 2 769 54.6 54.2 4 531 52.5 51.4
Male 6 397 46.7 47.1 2 295 45.3 45.7 4 102 47.5 48.5
Age (years)
< 50 2 593 18.9 20.8 1 009 19.9 22.1 1 584 18.3 19.5
50–59 4 661 34.0 33.8 1 698 33.5 33.7 2 963 34.3 33.8
60–69 4 056 29.6 26.7 1 454 28.7 25.7 2 602 30.1 27.7
70–79 1 905 13.9 14.3 737 14.5 14.5 1 168 13.5 14.2
≥ 80 491 3.6 4.4 170 3.4 4.0 321 3.7 4.8
Marital status
Married or cohabiting 11 940 87.1 85.7 4 422 87.3 86.4 7 518 87.0 85.1
Single 1 767 12.9 14.3 646 12.8 13.6 1 121 13.0 14.9
Education
Illiterate 3 908 28.5 25.8 940 18.6 17.1 2 968 34.4 34.2
Primary 5 583 40.7 38.6 1 921 37.9 35.1 3 662 42.4 42.0
Secondary 3 981 29.0 33.0 1 998 39.4 42.9 1 983 23.0 23.5
College and above 235 1.7 2.6 209 4.1 4.9 26 0.3 0.3
Household income (quintile)a
5 2 765 20.2 17.8 760 15.0 12.1 2 005 23.2 23.3
4 2 722 19.9 16.8 661 13.0 10.3 2 061 23.9 23.2
3 2 740 20.0 18.2 846 16.7 14.9 1 894 21.9 21.4
2 2 772 20.2 22.1 1 170 23.1 25.7 1 602 18.5 18.6
1 2 708 19.8 25.1 1 631 32.2 37.1 1 077 12.5 13.6
Outpatient care covered by insurance?
No 12 309 89.8 83.6 3 863 76.2 69.1 8 446 91.8 97.6
Yes 1 398 10.2 16.4 1 205 23.8 30.9 193 2.2 2.4

a 5 is the richest; 1 is the poorest.