Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Health system strengthening and hypertension awareness, treatment and control: data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

Xing Lin Feng, Mingfan Pang & John Beard

Volume 92, Number 1, January 2014, 29-41

Table 5. Factors affecting the probability that a hypertensive individual will not have the hypertension under effective control, China, 2011–2012

Factor No. of hypertensive subjects Percentage without effective control Crude RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) adjusted for
insurance type and setting insurance type, setting, sex and age insurance type, setting, sex, age, marital status, education and household income insurance type, setting, sex, age, marital status, education, household income and MRFa insurance type and treatment
Outpatient care covered by insurance?
No 3771 81.03 1 1 1 1 1 1
Yes 455 70.98 0.876 (0.795–0.966) 0.880 (0.794–0.976) 0.869 (0.783–0.965) 0.900 (0.815–0.992) 0.903 (0.817–0.996) 0.946 (0.858–1.043)
Hypertension being treated?
Yes 1526 58.81 1 1
No 2700 100.00 1.701 (1.597–1.811) 1.695 (1.591–1.805)
Setting
Rural 1690 81.05 1 1 1 1 1
Urban 2536 78.02 0.963 (0.905–1.024) 0.991 (0.928–1.058) 0.994 (0.930–1.061) 1.004 (0.939–1.074) 1.011 (0.945–1.082)
Sex
Female 2296 79.20 1 1 1 1
Male 1926 80.52 1.017 (0.957–1.080) 1.028 (0.967–1.093) 1.050 (0.983–1.122) 0.995 (0.918–1.078)
Marital status
Married or cohabiting 3443 78.86 1 1 1
Single 783 84.28 1.069 (0.989–1.155) 1.037 (0.953–1.129) 1.023 (0.939–1.116)
Education
Illiterate 1422 83.60 1 1 1
Primary 1699 79.17 0.947 (0.883–1.016) 0.955 (0.884–1.032) 0.954 (0.882–1.032)
Secondary 1038 77.00 0.921 (0.850–0.998) 0.942 (0.854–1.038) 0.942 (0.854–1.040)
College and above 67 67.00 0.802 (0.627–1.024) 0.859 (0.659–1.118) 0.875 (0.670–1.143)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
< 18.5 232 88.21 1.079 (0.942–1.235) 1.058 (0.923–1.212)
≥ 18.5 but < 25 2272 81.79 1
≥ 25 but < 30 1313 77.19 0.944 (0.882–1.010) 0.959 (0.894–1.027)
≥ 30 304 71.19 0.871 (0.772–0.981) 0.884 (0.783–0.999)

CI, confidence interval; MRF, modifiable risk factors; RR, relative risk.

a Alcohol consumption, body mass index, exercise and smoking.