Buruli ulcer

Role of specific antibiotics in Mycobacterium ulcerans (Buruli ulcer) management

Provisional guidelines


References

  • Resolution WHA57.1. Surveillance and control of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer). In: Fifty-seventh World Health Assembly, Geneva, 17–22 May 2004. Resolutions and decisions, Annexes. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (WHA57/2004/ REC/1), 1–2.
  • MacCallum P. A new (Mycobacterium in man. I. Clinical aspects. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1948, 60:93–122.
  • Clinical features and treatment of pre-ulcerative Buruli lesions Mycobacterium ulcerans infection). Report II of the Uganda Buruli Group. British Medical Journal, 1970, 2:390–393.
  • Asiedu K, Raviglione MC, Scherpbier R, eds. Buruli ulcer: Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2000 (WHO/CDS/CPE/GBUI/2000.1).
  • Buruli ulcer disease: Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. Weekly Epidemiological Record, 2003, 78(19):163–168.
  • Hayman J. M. ulcerans disease in Australia. In: Report of the 6th WHO Advisory Group Meeting on Buruli Ulcer, 10–13 March 2003, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003:48 (WHO/CDS/CPE/GBUI/2003.8).
  • Pradinaud R. Buruli ulcer situation in French Guiana. In: Report of the 6th WHO Advisory Group Meeting on Buruli Ulcer, 10–13 March 2003, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003:43 (WHO/CDS/CPE/GBUI/2003.8).
  • Igo JD, Murthy DP. Mycobacterium ulcerans infections in Papua New Guinea: correlation of clinical, histological, and microbiological features. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1988, 38:391–392.
  • Sister Joseph. Buruli ulcer situation in Papua New Guinea. In: Report of the 6th WHO Advisory Group Meeting on Buruli Ulcer, 10–13 March 2003, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003:44–47 (WHO/CDS/CPE/GBUI/2003.8).
  • Asiedu K, Etuaful S. Socioeconomic implications of Buruli ulcer in Ghana: a three-year review. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1998, 59:1015–1022.
  • The Buruli mysteries: unanswered questions surround a growing epidemic. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2002 (WHO Press Release, No. 16).
  • Aguiar J et al. L’ulcère de Buruli, une maladie mycobactérienne importante et en recrudescence au Bénin [Buruli ulcer, an important and re-emerging mycobacterial disease in Benin]. Bulletin des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, 1997, 3:325–356.
  • Ellen DE et al. Assessment of functional limitations caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans infection: towards a Buruli ulcer functional limitation score. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 2003, 8:90–96.
  • Amofah G, Asamoah S, Afram-Gyening C. Effectiveness of excision of pre-ulcerative Buruli lesions in field situations in a rural district in Ghana. Tropical Doctor, 1998, 2:81–83.
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  • Muelder K, Nourou A. Buruli ulcer in Benin. Lancet, 1990, 336:1109–1111.
  • Presidents join battle to combat Buruli ulcer. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1998 (Press Release WHO/50).
  • WHO joins battle against a new emerging disease, Buruli ulcer. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1997 (Press Release WHO/88).
  • Etuaful SN et al., 2004. Bactericidal activity of rifampicin and streptomycin treatment for early human M. ulcerans lesions (submitted).
  • Kanga JM et al. Medical treatment of Buruli ulcer in Ivory Coast. In: Report of the 6th WHO Advisory Group Meeting on Buruli Ulcer, 10–13 March 2003, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003:99–100 (WHO/CDS/CPE/ GBUI/2003.8).
  • Chauty A. The role of antibiotics in the management of Buruli ulcer at the Pobe Center in Benin. In: Report of the 7th WHO Advisory Group Meeting on Buruli Ulcer, 8–11 March 2004, WHO headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland (in press).
  • Wansbrough-Jones M et al. Management of oedematous forms of M. ulcerans disease: the role of antibiotics. In: Report of the Seventh Advisory Group Meeting on Buruli Ulcer, 8–11 March 2004, Geneva, Switzerland (in press).
  • Report of the International Training Workshop on the Management of Buruli Ulcer, 19–23 July 2004, Yaoundé, Cameroon (in press).
  • Buntine J, Crofts K, eds. Buruli ulcer: management of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease. A manual for health care providers. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2001 (WHO/CDS/ CPE/GBUI/2001.3).
  • Treatment of tuberculosis: guidelines for national programmes, 3rd ed. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003 (WHO/CDS/TB. 2003.313).
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