WHO global health days

Quiz: How much do you know about immunization?

Take the quiz to check the answers.

1 Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine.

Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.

2 Which of the following is NOT a vaccine-preventable disease?

Immunization prevents illness, disability and death from vaccine-preventable diseases including cervical cancer, diphtheria, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, pertussis (whooping cough), pneumonia, polio, rotavirus diarrhoea, rubella and tetanus.

3 How many infants worldwide are still missing out on basic vaccines?

In 2014, an estimated 18.7 million infants worldwide were not reached with routine immunization services such as DTP3 vaccine. More than 60% of these children live in 10 countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Nigeria and Pakistan, the Philippines, Uganda and South Africa.

4 Which disease mainly affects children under 5 and remains endemic in only 2 countries?

Polio mainly affects children under 5 years of age. Today, only 2 countries (Afghanistan and Pakistan) remain polio-endemic, down from more than 125 in 1988.

5 The biggest challenges to improving global vaccine coverage are:

Despite improvements in global vaccine coverage during the past decade, there continue to be regional and local disparities resulting from limited resources; competing health priorities; poor management of health systems; and inadequate monitoring and supervision.

Countdown to Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2016