WHO global health days

Quiz: How much do you know about diabetes?

World Health Day - 7 April 2016

1 Obesity increases the risk of getting diabetes.

Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of noncommunicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes. The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes rises steeply with increasing obesity.

2 Risk of getting diabetes is higher if a parent has it.

Children of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes face a higher risk of developing the disease compared to the general population.

3 People with type 1 diabetes can live without insulin.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use it. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin on their own, and must take injections of insulin to survive.

4 Diabetes can cause kidney failure and blindness.

Diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure, while retinopathy due to diabetes is a major cause of blindness. Diabetes is also a risk factor for heart attacks, strokes and lower limb amputations.

5 Regular physical activity has no impact on preventing diabetes or its complications.

Regular, moderate-intensity physical activity can help in the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, which comprises 90% of cases, is largely caused by excess body weight and physical inactivity.