22 October 2015 -- WHO is responding to multiple cholera outbreaks that could flare-up and threaten the health of more people if control measures are not intensified. More than 10 700 cholera cases and 170 deaths have been reported in five countries in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean and African Regions as of 21 October 2015. WHO urgently requires more than US$ 5 million to ramp up its response to stem the tide of the cholera outbreaks ahead of the rainy season.
What is cholera?
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It has a short incubation period, from less than one day to five days, and produces an enterotoxin that causes a copious, painless, watery diarrhoea that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not promptly given. Vomiting also occurs in most patients.
2 October 2015
6 July 2015
WHO: Cholera risks high across world, but deadly disease can be controlled
16 May 2014
Weekly Epidemiological Record, vol. 89