Cholera

A young ...
A young cholera patient is wheeled in a wheelbarrow to a clinic in Harare's suburb of Budiriro Photo: EPA

Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It has a short incubation period, from less than one day to five days, and produces an enterotoxin that causes a copious, painless, watery diarrhoea that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not promptly given. Vomiting also occurs in most patients.

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