14 August 2017 – The total number of suspected cholera cases in Yemen this year hit the half a million mark on Sunday, and nearly 2000 people have died since the outbreak began to spread rapidly at the end of April. The spread of cholera has slowed significantly in some areas compared to peak levels but the disease is still spreading fast in more recently affected districts, which are recording large numbers of cases.
Oral cholera vaccine
Since the creation of the global stockpile in 2013, more than 5 million doses of oral cholera vaccine (OCV) have been successfully used in various outbreaks and humanitarian emergencies. The use of oral cholera vaccines is an additional tool to the classic cholera control measures. It should be systematically considered in both endemic countries as well as during outbreaks and emergencies.
Ongoing battle against cholera in Democratic Republic of the Congo
As cholera spread along the Congo River and reaches Kinsasha, capital of Democratic Republic of the Congo, increasing numbers of people are sick and at-risk. With WHO's support, the provincial ministry of health of Kinshasa launched a vaccination campaign to help contain this outbreak. Watch the video and know more about this ongoing battle against cholera in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The composition of the cholera kits has been reviewed by WHO and its partners. The contents of all modules have been updated and reorganised to be better adapted for field use in different settings.
The revised cholera kits are designed to help prepare for a potential cholera outbreak and to support the first month of the initial response. The overall package consists of six different kits, each divided in several modules. The kits and modules can each be ordered separately.
8 January 2016 -- The global supply of oral cholera vaccines (OCV) is set to double after WHO approved a third producer, helping to address global shortages and expand access in more countries. In 2013 the WHO created the world’s first OCV stockpile. Since then a total of 4 million doses to 11 countries have been used in humanitarian crises, outbreaks, and in endemic hotspots.
The 2011 WHA 64.15 resolution “Cholera mechanisms for control and prevention” requested the WHO Director-General to revitalize the Global Task Force for Cholera Control (GTFCC) and to strengthen WHO’s work in this area, including improved collaboration and coordination among relevant WHO departments and other relevant stakeholders.
A revitalization process has been initiated in December 2012 and completed in early 2014. Terms of Reference have been agreed and are accessible below.
- Cholera is transmitted through contaminated water or food.
- Cholera can rapidly lead to severe dehydration and death if left untreated.
- Prevention and preparedness of cholera require a coordinated multidisciplinary approach.
Statistics on cholera
UN leaders visit Yemen as cholera cases exceed 400 000
Cholera outbreak in Yemen - suspected cases exceed 200,000
New life granted to family after cholera diagnosis and treatment
WHO collaboration with Ministry of Health and partners intensifies response to cholera outbreak in South Sudan
Cholera vaccination campaign for Haitians hardest hit by Hurricane Matthew
Cholera in Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO and partners support local authorities
South Sudan: WHO and Ministry of Health expand cholera response to minimize future risk
Information for travellers
- From a warehouse in Dubai to a hospital in Haiti: a journey of lifesaving supplies
- WHO vaccination campaign in Iraq
- Cholera prevention measures reduce transmission among displaced people in South Sudan
- Cholera in Sierra Leone: the case study of an outbreak
- Zimbabwe: WHO, partners work to control cholera outbreak