Chronic diseases and health promotion

Integrated chronic disease prevention and control

Capacity building and training

In the context of the Integrated Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, the contemporary view of capacity-building goes beyond the conventional perception of training, it refers to creating sustainable environment for prevention and control of chronic diseases, strengthening or building technical organizations, applying knowledge, experiences, best practices, ensuring that data and information are shared, developing and implementing national policies & strategies, programmes for integrated chronic disease prevention and control, fostering communication, enhancing coordination, and sustaining profound change.

It is clear from the survey on assessment of national capacity for NCD prevention and control conducted by WHO in 2001 and from other assessment exercises that there are serious shortages in human manpower with basic skills and expertise in NCD prevention and control. For example, only two thirds of health professionals were reported to receive training in the management of hypertension. Similar patterns were also observed in relation to basic training in the management of other major chronic diseases like diabetes and bronchial asthma. Another major constraint encountered is the lack of essential standards of health care for people with chronic diseases.

Training is a key ingredient for implementing the global strategy for chronic disease prevention and control. WHO headquarters and regional offices have initiated a number of training programmes for chronic disease prevention and control:

  • CINDI Winter School - "New Public Health: Theory And Practice"
    CINDI (Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention) is a major, WHO coordinated, international collaborative activity for theory-based, practical nation-wide intervention. The Programme aims at preventing major noncommunicable diseases and promoting the health of populations in the member countries through integrated, innovative activities. Comprehensive action is based upon sound theories and policy frameworks, involvement of the health services and intersectoral collaboration. Practical information systems, sound evaluation and exchange of international experience are important facets of the CINDI approach. Over 200 trainees from 60 countries received training. CINDI is coordinated by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • CARMEN School (presentation in Spanish)
    pdf, 640kb

    CARMEN (Conjunto de Acciones para la Reducción Multifactorial de Enfermedades Notransmissibles) is an initiative of the Pan American Health Organization and aims to improve the health status of populations in the Americas by reducing the risk factors associated with Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). CARMEN School held its first training course in March 2004 in Chile, in close cooperation with Chile University. For more information about this first training, please use the link above to download a presentation in PDF format , which is available in Spanish only.

See also