Chronic diseases and health promotion

Part Two. The urgent need for action

Chapter Two. Chronic diseases and poverty


Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Adaptations to Millenium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

CZECH REPUBLIC
New target added: reduce morbidity and mortality caused by main chronic diseases.

MAURITIUS
New target added: have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse, the incidence of noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, cancer, etc.

POLAND
New target added: reduce premature adult mortality by 25% by 2010 (primarily due to tobacco and alcohol use, and unhealthy diet).

SLOVAKIA
New target added: decrease the spread of cancers to the level of EU countries and decrease the prevalence of respiratory diseases.

THAILAND
New indicators added: heart disease prevalence and death rates.

Importance of chronic disease noted in country MDG reports

HUNGARY
Tobacco use, cardiovascular disease and cancer are noted as primary contributors to premature mortality.

INDONESIA
Tobacco use is reported as a major contributor to ill health, accounting for a large proportion of the total disease burden.

JORDAN
Cardiovascular disease and cancer are noted as additional health problems.

LITHUANIA Cardiovascular disease and cancer are noted as the leading causes of death.

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