WHO African Region: Ethiopia

Routine EPI activities

Introduction

Routine immunisation is the basis of the EPI activities. On a regular basis vaccines for measles, diphteria, pertussis, tetanus, polio and tuberculosis, are provided in health facilities all over the country. Vaccinations are given in static, out-reach and mobile health facilities. The immunisation schedule including the above vaccines stretches over the child’s first year and tetanus vaccination is given to women of childbearing age.

The routine immunisation coverage in Ethiopia has not reached the targeted figures and planned objectives. Sustainable improvements in the service delivery are needed, in order to protect the Ethiopian children from unnecessary suffering and death. According to the most recent EPI review, conducted in 2001, constraints of the program are lack of supervision, high drop-out rates, inadequate number of trained health workers and inadequate supplies like cold chain equipment.

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