WHO African Region: Ethiopia

Routine EPI activities

EPI schedule

The routine immunisation schedule in Ethiopia comprises six vaccine preventable diseases, namely measles, diphteria, pertussis, tetanus, polio and tuberculosis. The vaccines are provided free of charge to all eligibles. Before the age of one year, the routine immunisation schedule should be completed by all children. Women of childbearing age are given tetanus toxoid vaccine to protect their unborn babies from tetanus. The mothers and their future babies obtain full protection after completing the TT schedule.

Table 1. Routine immunisation schedule.
Vaccine Diseases Age
BCG Tuberculosis At birth
DPT Diphteria, Pertussis, Tetanus 6, 10, 14 weeks
OPV Polio At birth, 6, 10, 14 weeks
Measles Measles 9 months
Table 2. Schedule for Tetanus Toxoid administration.
Dose Time for administration Duration of protection
TT1 At first contact No protection
TT2 4 weeks after TT1 Three years
TT3 At east 6 months after TT2 Five years
TT4 At least 1 year after TT3 Ten years
TT5 At least 1 year after TT4 For thirty years (throughout a woman’s reproductive life)