Global Alert and Response (GAR)

Hepatitis B


References

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4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Control measures for hepatitis B in dialysis centers, 1998, http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip/control.htm.

5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis B vaccine, 1998, http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/b/hebqafn.htm.

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7. Clemens R et al. Booster immunization of low- and non-responders after a standard three dose hepatitis B vaccine schedule - results of a post-marketing surveillance. Vaccine, 1997, 15:349-352.

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17. Iwarson S. Why the Scandinavian countries have not implemented universal vaccination against hepatitis B. Vaccine, 1998, 16(Suppl):S56-S57.

18. Janssen HL et al. Interferon alfa for chronic hepatitis B infection: increased efficacy of prolonged treatment. Hepatology, 1999, 30:238-243.

19. Kane MA. Status of hepatitis B immunization programmes in 1998. Vaccine, 1998, 16(Suppl):S104-S108.

20. Lai CL et al. A one-year trial of lamivudine for chronic hepatitis B. Asia Hepatitis Lamivudine Study Group. New England Journal of Medicine, 1998, 339:61-68.

21. Lai CL et al. Lamivudine is effective in suppressing hepatitis B virus DNA in Chinese hepatitis B surface antigen carriers: a placebo-controlled trial. Hepatology, 1997, 25:241-244.

22. Lau DT et al. Lamivudine for chronic delta hepatitis. Hepatology, 1999, 30:546-549.

23. Mahoney FJ, Kane M. Hepatitis B vaccine. In: Plotkin SA and Orenstein WA, eds. Vaccines, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Company, 1999:158-182.

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29. Pride MW et al. Evaluation of B and T-cell responses in chimpanzees immunized with Hepagene, a hepatitis B vaccine containing pre-S1, pre-S2 gene products. Vaccine, 1998, 16:543-550.

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32. Tacket CO et al. Phase 1 safety and immune response studies of a DNA vaccine encoding hepatitis B surface antigen delivered by a gene delivery device. Vaccine, 1999, 17:2826-2829.

33. Tassopoulos NC et al. Recombinant interferon-alpha therapy for acute hepatitis B: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 1997, 4:387-394.

34. Thoelen S et al. The first combined vaccine against hepatitis A and B: an overview. Vaccine, 1999, 17:1657-1662.

35. Thornton SM, Walker S, and Zuckerman JN. Management of hepatitis B virus infections in two gibbons and a western lowland gorilla in a zoological collection. Veterinary Record, 2001, 149:113-115.

36. Van Damme P, Kane M, and Meheus A. Integration of hepatitis B vaccination into national immunisation programmes. British Medical Journal, 1997, 314:1033-1037.

37. Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board. Antwerp VHPB Report. Editorial. Control of viral hepatitis in Europe. Viral Hepatitis, 1996, 4(2), http://hgins.uia.ac.be/esoc/VHPB/vhv4n2.html.

38. Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board. Prevention and control of hepatitis B in the community. Communicable Disease Series, 1996, 1.

39. Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board. The clock is running,...1997: deadline for integrating hepatitis B vaccinations into all national immunization programmes, 1996 (Fact Sheet VHPB/ 1996/1, http://hgins.uia.ac.be/esoc/VHPB/vhfs1.html).

40. Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board. News from the VHPB meeting in St. Julians, Malta. Viral Hepatitis, 1997, 6, http://hgins.uia.ac.be/esoc/VHPB/maltatxt.html.

41. Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board. Ensuring injection safety and a safe blood supply, 1998 (Fact Sheet VHPB/ 1998/3, http://hgins.uia.ac.be/esoc/VHPB/vhfs3.html).

42. Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board. Universal HB immunization by 1997: where are we now?, 1998 (Fact Sheet VHPB/ 1998/2, http://hgins.uia.ac.be/esoc/VHPB/vhfs2.html).

43. Walton J, Barondess JA, Lock S. The Oxford Medical Companion, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1994.

44. Wilson JN, Nokes DJ, and Carman WF. The predicted pattern of emergence of vaccine-resistant hepatitis B: a cause for concern? Vaccine, 1999, 17:973-978.

45. World Health Organization. Laboratory Biosafety Manual, 2nd ed. Geneva, WHO, 1993.

46. World Health Organization. Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI); Lack of evidence that hepatitis B vaccine causes multiple sclerosis. Weekly Epidemiological Record, 1997, 72:149-152.

47. World Health Organization. Hepatitis B immunization; WHO position. Weekly Epidemiological Record, 1998, 73:329.

48. World Health Organization. No scientific justification to suspend hepatitis B immunization. Geneva, WHO, 1998 (Press Release WHO/67).

49. World Health Organization. Children's vaccines - safety first. Geneva, WHO, 1999 (Note for the press N°18).

50. World Health Organization. Health risks and their avoidance - hepatitis B. In: International travel and health. Vaccination requirements and health advice. Geneva, WHO, 1999:67.

51. World Health Organization. Introduction of hepatitis B vaccine into childhood immunization services.Geneva, WHO, 2001 (unpublished document WHO/V&B/01.31 available on request from Department of Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland).

52. Zuckerman AJ. Hepatitis Viruses. In: Baron S, eds. Medical Microbiology, 4th ed. The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 1996:849-863.

53. Zuckerman AJ. Effect of hepatitis B virus mutants on efficacy of vaccination. Lancet, 2000, 355:1382-1384.

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