Global Alert and Response (GAR)

Smallpox

Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by Variola virus, a member of the orthopoxvirus family. It was one of the world's most feared diseases until it was eradicated by a collaborative global vaccination programme led by WHO. The last known natural case was in Somalia in 1977. Since then, the only known cases were caused by a laboratory accident in 1978 in Birmingham, England, which killed one person and caused a limited outbreak. Smallpox was officially declared eradicated in 1979.

Archive

WHO Biosafety Inspection Team Report

Variola Virus Maximum Containment Laboratories to the State Research Centre of Virology and Biotechnology (“SRC VB VECTOR”), Kol'tsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast', Russian Federation 3–9 October 2012

WHO Biosafety Inspection Team Report

CDC Variola Virus Maximum Containment Laboratories
Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 7–11 May 2012