Global Alert and Response (GAR)

The Yellow fever initiative: an introduction

Yellow fever was once one of the most feared epidemic diseases in the world with the capacity to bring devastation to almost every continent. Mass vaccination campaigns in the mid 20th Century succeeded in bringing the disease under control for over 40 years but since the late 1980s, this deadly disease has returned, putting at risk a new generation in West and Central Africa and threatening to erupt into devastating urban epidemics.

The Yellow Fever Initiative, led by WHO and UNICEF with the support of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (The GAVI Alliance), has now been launched with the aim of dramatically reducing the risk of yellow fever outbreaks in 12 endemic countries in Africa through the vaccination of 48 million people over the coming four years.

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