Emergencies preparedness, response

2001 - Cholera in south Africa - Update 14

05 February 2001

Disease Outbreak Reported

As of 4 February, the Kwazulu-Natal Department of Health has reported 37 204 cases and 85 deaths since the start of the outbreak in mid-August 2000.

The outbreak in Kwazulu-Natal is primarily affecting the Empangeni area, made up of the Lower Umfolozi districts and the Eshowe/Nkandla area. The lower South Coast is affected mainly in the KwaDukuza/Stanger area and Ugu Region/South Coast.

The Department of Health has noted that although the infection rates are high, the case-fatality rate of less than 0.4% is exceptionally low.  

To combat the disease in the current outbreak, the Department is providing clinical care as well as working with the other sectors to provide clean water and education and information about how to live in a cholera area.  A longer term programme to provide adequate water and sanitation will be implemented over the next 3 years. 

No special restrictions on travel to and from KwaZulu-Natal are warranted.