Global Alert and Response (GAR)

Rift Valley fever in Madagascar

As of 17 April 2008, the Ministry of Health, Madagascar has reported a total of 418 suspected cases including 17 deaths (CFR 4%) of Rift Valley fever from Alaotra Mangoro, Analamanga, Itasy, Vakinakaratra and Anosy Regions.

Infection with Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) has been laboratory confirmed in 59 human cases by the Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, a WHO Collaborating Centre for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers and partner in the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network.

The Ministry of Health, Madagascar has established an inter-ministerial committee to oversee the response to the outbreak. Control measures implemented have included case management, surveillance, social mobilization, provision of medicines, prevention and strengthening of hospital infection control.

The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) has reported the RVF in animals to the OIE on 9 April 2008.

The MoH and MoA have requested the support of a joint WHO, FAO, OIE mission to support outbreak response efforts.