Emergencies preparedness, response

WHO Report on Global Surveillance of Epidemic-prone Infectious Diseases - Leishmaniasis


  • Although there has been a general decline in the incidence of plague worldwide, the number of countries affected by plague remains substantial.
  • There has been an obvious change in the distribution of plague morbidity by continent. Whereas in the 1970s plague cases were reported predominately from Asia, in the 1980s and the 1990s a small number of African countries with well-known natural plague foci reported the highest number of cases.
  • Despite the availability of a number of highly effective therapeutic agents, mortality due to plague remains unacceptably high.