WHO Report on Global Surveillance of Epidemic-prone Infectious Diseases - African trypanosomiasis
- Sleeping sickness is in the midst of resurgence in sub-Saharan Africa.
- It is urgent that systematic population screening in high-risk areas, together with appropriate treatment be re-established.
- The current capacity in sub-Saharan African countries for effective surveillance of sleeping sickness is insufficient, in view of the logistic difficulties of surveillance, and the need for technical expertise for testing and treating patients, which is not available at peripheral health facilities. Because of this, most cases are not detected, not treated, and therefore fatal.