Global Alert and Response (GAR)

A standard verbal autopsy method for investigating causes of death in infants and children

WHO/CDS/CSR/ISR/99/4

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A Standard Verbal Autopsy Method for Investigating Causes of Death in Infants and Children

Introduction
Chapter 2. State of the Art
             2.1 Settings in which verbal autopsies are used
             2.2 Underlying assumptions of the verbal autopsy method
             2.3 Open-ended history of final illness versus close-ended questions
             2.4 Multiple versus single causes of death
             2.5 Causes of death for which verbal autopsy is best suited
             2.6 Sensitivity and specificity of verbal autopsies and their effect on cause-specific                           mortality estimates
Chapter 3. Validation Studies
             3.1 Hospital reference diagnoses
             3.2 Developing verbal autopsy algorithms
             3.3 Validation study results
                3.3.1 Diarrhoea and dysentery
                        3.3.1.1 Acute diarrhoea
                        3.3.1.2 Acute dysentery
                        3.3.1.3 Persistent diarrhoea or dysentery
                        3.3.1.4 Any diarrhoea or dysentery
                3.3.2 Pneumonia
                3.3.3 Injuries
                3.3.4 Meningitis/encephalitis
                3.3.5 Malnutrition/premature birth
                3.3.6 Anaemia
                3.3.7 Malaria
                3.3.8 Measles
                3.3.9 Bacteraemia/septicaemia with no known focus
                3.3.10 Birth asphyxia
                3.3.11 Premature birth
                3.3.12 Congenital abnormality
                3.3.13 Birth trauma
                3.3.14 Local bacterial infection
                3.3.15 Tetanus
Chapter 4.Standard Verbal Autopsy Questionnaire
             4.1 Description of questionnaire
             4.2 General instructions to interviewers
             4.3 Adapting the questionnaire to the local setting
             4.4 Explanations of terms used in the standard verbal autopsy questionnaire
Annex 1. Tables on sensitivity and specificity of verbal autopsy algorithms for Bangladesh,                    Nicaragua and Uganda validation studies
Annex 2. Standard verbal autopsy questionnaire

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