Emergencies preparedness, response

Table 1.1 Types of surveillance and their strengths and weaknesses for nine epidemic infectious diseases

Leishmaniasis and Leishmania/HIV co-infection


Years covered

1997 - 1999

  Type of surveillance Reporting frequency
Passive reporting of cases.   Annually.

Strengths and weaknesses of reporting system

Global surveillance of leishmaniasis is very weak. Data are not systematically reported to WHO.

There is a new surveillance system for monitoring leishmaniasis/HIV co-infection. This system is expanding, although currently most of the centres are in southern Europe.

The surveillance system is beginning to document the extent of the co-infection problem in the catchment areas of network centres.