Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

Population sodium reduction strategies


Multistakeholder information exchange forums and technical meetings

As part of the implementation of the WHO Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health and the 2008-2013 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, WHO convened three multistakeholder information exchange forums and technical meetings focusing on three aspects of population sodium reduction strategies:

  • Creating environments which enable the reduction of sodium intake. Building on existing experiences, which focused on interventions for consumer education and reformulation of industrially produced foods to enable consumers to make appropriate choices to reduce the total sodium content of their diet.
  • Evaluating and monitoring population sodium consumption and sources of sodium in the diet. This focused on identifying the appropriate tools and protocols that are effective to monitor and evaluate population sodium consumption and sources of sodium in the diet.
  • The role of fortified salt in iodine deficiency prevention. This focused on analysing how the two strategies (salt reduction and iodine fortification) can efficiently and effectively work together for the benefit of populations affected.

Meeting reports

Salt reduction and iodine fortification strategies in public health

In March 2013, the World Health Organization and the George Institute for Global Health in collaboration with the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD) Global Network jointly convened a technical meeting in Australia on "Salt reduction and iodine fortification strategies in public health". The meeting brought together technical experts in iodine deficiency disorders and dietary salt reduction and WHO representatives from all regions of the world to consider the potential for maximizing the impact of salt reduction and iodine deficiency elimination programmes through improved coordination.

This report is a summary of the evidence and experiences presented during the technical meeting, as well as the discussions of the working group sessions and conclusions reached by the participants.


Strategies to monitor and evaluate population sodium consumption and sources of sodium in the diet

In October 2010, the World Health Organization and the Government of Canada jointly convened a technical meeting in Calgary on "Strategies to monitor and evaluate population sodium consumption and sources of sodium in the diet." The meeting provided and opportunity for detailed discussions on monitoring sodium intake levels at population level, assessment of dietary sources of sodium, and knowledge, attitudes and behaviours towards sodium and health.

This report is a summary of the evidence and experiences presented during the technical meeting, as well as the discussions of the working group sessions and conclusions reached by the participants.


Creating an enabling environment for population-based salt reduction strategies

In July 2010, the World Health Organization and the United Kingdom Food Standards Agency jointly convened a technical meeting in London on "Creating an Enabling Environment for Population-based Salt Reduction Strategies." The meeting provided an opportunity for detailed discussion on interventions for consumer education and reformulation of industrially produced foods to enable consumers to make appropriate choices to reduce the total sodium content of their diet.

This report is a summary of the evidence and experiences presented during the technical meeting, as well as the discussions of the working group sessions and conclusions reached by the participants.

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