Valid, reliable and relevant disability data are essential for evidence-informed disability and rehabilitation policy. Ideally, disability data would be standardized across countries. Standardization of data allows for international comparisons, which in turn facilitates the monitoring of progress in the implementation and effectiveness of policies, including the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The WHO global disability action plan 2014-2021 requires Member States to strengthen the collection of relevant and internationally comparable data on disability , and support research on disability and related services. This information is important for establishing a complete picture of disability and functioning and to allow governments and stakeholders to identify strategies needed to improve the health and well-being of people with disabilities.
What WHO is doing
WHO, along with WHO Collaborating Centres and partners, works to improve disability data by:
- developing normative tools, including standardized survey instruments and related manuals;
- supporting countries to improve their capacity to collect, analyse and use disability data;
- offering training programmes on disability data for statisticians and for national and international users of data on disability;
- advocating for improvements in disability data in line with the CRPD.