Disability and rehabilitation

Committee elected to ensure States honor commitment to Convention

On 31 October and 3 November, the first session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities took place in New York, and elected the first Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, an important facilitating body for the implementation of the Convention.

The Committee has three principal functions: to review the periodic reports on implementation and the constructive dialogue with States Parties; to receive and examine individual communications (complaints) under the Optional Protocol; and to undertake inquiries where there is reliable evidence of grave and systematic violations of the Convention (also under the Optional Protocol). If it follows the practice of other treaty bodies, the Committee might also decide to issue General Comments elaborating the meaning of the provisions of the Convention or cross-cutting themes, and may hold Days of General Discussion with States, civil society, UN entities and other international organizations.

The Committee consists of 12 experts. Once 80 States have ratified or acceded to the Convention, the membership of the Committee shall increase to a maximum of 18 members. The members of the Committee are independent experts with recognized competence and experience in the Convention, serving in their personal capacity rather than as representatives of any government or organization.

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