Dracunculiasis

Chad

Status for the period January–November 2013

A total of 3 new cases were reported for the month of November. A total of 12 cases were reported from 10 villages in five districts of three regions.

Chari Baguirmi Region
  • Bousso district
    • Gabri II Quartier, Bogomoro village (1 case)
  • Mandalia District
    • Bougamene village (1 case)
    • Djarbou Choufou (1 case)
    • Madoubou Route village (1 case)
    • Miskine Banana village (1 case)
  • Massenya District
    • Gassé village (1 case)
    • Koutoungolo Centre (1 case)
Mayo Kebbi Est Region
  • Guelendeng district
    • Gourlong village (1 case)
    • Médégué village (1 case)
Moyen Chari Region
  • Sarh District
    • Maimou village (3 cases)

Of the 12 cases, 8 were contained.

Provisionally, two new cases were reported for the month of December 2013. From January to November 2013, a total of 1319 rumours were reported and investigated; 1217 (92%) were investigated within 24 hours, of which 12 were confirmed as dracunculiasis.

Summary for 2012

During 2012, Chad reported 10 cases, compared with 10 cases during the same period in 2011. The cases were reported from 9 localities in 7 districts. Only 4 of the 10 cases were contained. The distribution of cases by region and district is as follows:

  • Chari Baguirmi Region
    • Bousso district (3 cases)
    • Mandalia district (2 cases)
    • Massenya district (1 case)
  • Mayo-Kebbi East Region
    • Guelendeng district (1 case)
  • Moyen Chari Region
    • Kyabé district (1 case)
    • Sarh district (1 case)
  • Salamat Region
    • Aboudeia district (1 case)

In 2012, the first case of dracunculiasis was reported in June in the localities of Mabaye in Mandalia district and was confirmed by WHO’s Collaborating Center for Dracunculiasis Eradication at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States of America.

It is likely that the case of Mabaye locality is related to the case reported in August 2011 in Akoum locality (Mandalia district) as the communities of the 2 localities are sharing the same unsafe drinking water source.

Of the 9 localities which reported cases in 2012, only Mossio Massa locality had cases in two consecutive years (2011 and 2012). Mossio Massa locality reported 1 indigenous case in 2011 and 2 indigenous cases until September 2012. The case in Bouram Foulbé village was an imported case from Mossio Massa locality, Bogomoro district, Chari Baguirmi region.

Aboudeia and Kyabé districts reported cases of dracunculiasis for the first time in 2012. Aboudeia and Kyabé were formerly endemic districts.

The transmission season for dracunculiasis is from February to December which peaks between June and September.

A reward of Communauté Financière Africaine (CFA) 50 000 (about US$ 100) for information leading to confirmation of a case is being offered. Please report to the nearest health facility.

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Last update:

27 January 2014 11:22 CET