Status for the period January–September 2013
A total of 9 cases were reported from 9 villages in four districts of two regions:
Chari Baguirmi Region
- Mandalia District
- Djarbou Choufou (1 case)
- Madoubou Route village (1 case)
- Miskine Banana village (1 case)
- Bougamene village (1 case)
- Massenya District
- Gassé village (1 case)
- Koutoungolo Centre (1 case)
- Bousso district
- Gabri II Quartier, Bogomoro village (1 case)
Mayo Kebbi Est Region
- Guelendeng district
- Gourlong village (1 case)
- Médégué village (1 case)
Of the 9 cases, 7 were contained. From January to September 2013, a total of 1036 rumours were reported and investigated;943 rumours (91%) were investigated within 24 hours of which 8 were confirmed as dracunculiasis.
Summary for 2012
During 2012, Chad reported 10 cases, compared with 10 cases during the same period in 2011. The cases were reported from 9 localities in 7 districts. Only 4 of the 10 cases were contained. The distribution of cases by region and district is as follows:
- Chari Baguirmi Region
- Bousso district (3 cases)
- Mandalia district (2 cases)
- Massenya district (1 case)
- Mayo-Kebbi East Region
- Guelendeng district (1 case)
- Moyen Chari Region
- Kyabé district (1 case)
- Sarh district (1 case)
- Salamat Region
- Aboudeia district (1 case)
In 2012, the first case of dracunculiasis was reported in June in the localities of Mabaye in Mandalia district and was confirmed by WHO’s Collaborating Center for Dracunculiasis Eradication at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States of America.
It is likely that the case of Mabaye locality is related to the case reported in August 2011 in Akoum locality (Mandalia district) as the communities of the 2 localities are sharing the same unsafe drinking water source.
Of the 9 localities which reported cases in 2012, only Mossio Massa locality had cases in two consecutive years (2011 and 2012). Mossio Massa locality reported 1 indigenous case in 2011 and 2 indigenous cases until September 2012. The case in Bouram Foulbé village was an imported case from Mossio Massa locality, Bogomoro district, Chari Baguirmi region.
Aboudeia and Kyabé districts reported cases of dracunculiasis for the first time in 2012. Aboudeia and Kyabé were formerly endemic districts.
The transmission season for dracunculiasis is from February to December which peaks between June and September.
A reward of Communauté Financière Africaine (CFA) 50 000 (about US$ 100) for information leading to confirmation of a case is being offered. Please report to the nearest health facility.