Dracunculiasis eradication

Ethiopia

Status as of 31 December 2017

Ethiopia reported 2 new human cases in December, bringing to 15 the cumulative number of cases during the reporting period in 2017 compared with 3 cases for the same period in 2016.

The human cases were reported from 5 villages.

  • Gambella Region
    • Abobo
      • Gutok village (1 case)
    • Gambella town
      • G/HC (1 case)
    • Itang district
      • Mohamed Cresher (1 case)
  • Oromia Region
    • Anfilo Woreda
      • Gomi village (8 cases)
      • Duri village (3 case)
    • Goru Gutu Woreda
      • Amegolo village (1 case)

Most of the patients were adult males who had possibly drank contaminated water in Goyi Farm in Abobo in the past 10–14 months.

A total of 4 infected baboons and 11 infected dogs were detected from January to October 2017 in the same woreda where human cases were reported in 2016. None of the infected baboons was contained; 7 of the infected dogs were contained.

Of the 13 433 rumours reported and investigated, more than 96.85% were investigated within 24 hours.

Since 1996, the Ethiopian Dracunculiasis Eradication Programme has offered a cash reward for voluntary reporting of dracunculiasis cases and for complying with the case containment measures. In 2014, the award was increased from Birr 1000 [about US$ 58] to Birr 2000 [about US$ 116]. Please call toll free number 8335 or report to the nearest health facility and get reward of Birr 2000 for confirmed case of guinea-worm disease. .

2-day training on case definitions, prevention, the cash reward system and reporting, Ethiopia 2014

Summary for 2016

Ethiopia reported a total of 3 human cases in 2016: one case each from three villages, all in Gambella Region.

  • Gog woreda
    • Olane village
    • PRC-Agnuak village
  • Lare woreda
    • Kubri village

Of the 3 cases reported, 2 were contained; all cases (one child and two adults) were males.

Some 14 infected dogs and 2 infected baboons were reported from six villages in Gog woreda. One infected dog detected in Ochokchala village of Abobo woreda is said to have been imported from Gutok, Elanyi, Gop fishing area, Gog woreda. Abobo and Gog Woreda are all in Gambella Region. Among the 14 infected dogs, 10 were contained.

A total of 12 429 rumoured cases were reported, 99.8% of which were investigated within 24 hours.

Last update:

2 February 2018 17:10 CET