Status for the period January–March 2015
Zero cases were reported in South Sudan compared with 2 cases in 2014.
For the first time ever, South Sudan reported zero cases for 5 consecutive months (from November 2014 to March 2015).
During January–March 2015, 2994 rumours were reported, of which 97% were investigated within 24 hours.
Since 2014, a nationwide cash reward has been offered for the voluntary reporting of dracunculiasis cases. Any individual presenting with the disease who meets all of the criteria for containment is now rewarded with 500 South Sudanese pounds (SSP) [about US$ 168]. The informant is given 100 SSP [US$ 34]. People are requested to report to the nearest health facility.
Summary for 2014
During 2014, a total of 70 new cases were reported from 37 villages in 4 counties, a 38% reduction compared with the 113 cases reported from 79 villages in 10 counties in 2013.
Of the 70 cases, 47 were reported to have been contained. Cases reported in South Sudan accounted for 62% of the global cases in 2014. Kapoeta East county in Eastern Equatoria State accounted for 81% of all cases reported in South Sudan.
The distribution of cases by State and county is as follows:
- Eastern Equatoria State
- Kapoeta East County (57 cases)
- Kapoeta South County (1 case)
- Lakes State
- Awerial County (11 cases)
- Wulu County (1 case)
A total of 7639 rumours were reported during 2014, of which 99.7% were investigated within 24 hours and 1 was confirmed as a dracunculiasis case.
During 2014, 100% of endemic counties and 72% of non-endemic counties provided reports for 9 out of 12 months, even if zero cases were reported.
Most guinea-worm transmission occurs during the period March–October.