Drug resistance

WHO Global Strategy Recommendations

Fundamental priority recommendations are underlined and highlighted in bold
Other first priority recommendations are highlighted in bold.

Prescribers and Dispensers


2.1 Educate all groups of prescribers and dispensers (including drug sellers) on the importance of appropriate antimicrobial use and containment of antimicrobial resistance.

2.2 Educate all groups of prescribers on disease prevention (including immunization) and infection control issues.

2.3 Promote targeted undergraduate and postgraduate educational programmes on the accurate diagnosis and management of common infections for all health care workers, veterinarians, prescribers and dispensers.

2.4 Encourage prescribers and dispensers to educate patients on antimicrobial use and the importance of adherence to prescribed treatments.

2.5 Educate all groups of prescribers and dispensers on factors that may strongly influence their prescribing habits, such as economic incentives, promotional activities and inducements by the pharmaceutical industry. Management, guidelines and formularies

2.6 Improve antimicrobial use by supervision and support of clinical practices, especially diagnostic and treatment strategies.

2.7 Audit prescribing and dispensing practices and utilize peer group or external standard comparisons to provide feedback and endorsement of appropriate antimicrobial prescribing.

2.8 Encourage development and use of guidelines and treatment algorithms to foster appropriate use of antimicrobials.

2.9 Empower formulary managers to limit antimicrobial use to the prescription of an appropriate range of selected antimicrobials. Regulation


2.10 Link professional registration requirements for prescribers and dispensers to requirements for training and continuing education.