home page | Catalogue table of contents |
How to order | WHO sales agents | Contact information |
Counselling Skills Training in Adolescent Sexuality and Reproductive Health
A Facilitator's Guide
1993, 179 pages [E, F, S]
Sw.fr. 15.-/US $13.50; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 10.50
Order no. 1930053
A complete and highly detailed guide to the planning and operation of a short five-day workshop for teaching workers how to counsel adolescents about sexuality and reproductive health and thus equip them to make wise decisions. Training described in the guide combines basic information about sexuality, reproductive health and the principles of non-directive counselling with training in specific interpersonal communication skills.
The guide is divided into six sections. The first describes preparatory activities and the facilities needed for the workshop. Each of the subsequent sections provides a model training programme for one day in the workshop. Some 22 topics are covered. These range from the psychodynamics of counselling to facts about sexual maturation and behaviour, from advice on how to deal with typical "difficult moments" in counselling to a discussion of obstacles that complicate efforts to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. The guide also features optional sessions that can be used during an expanded ten-day workshop, and includes over 70 pages of training material suitable for overhead transparencies.
The training methods described in the guide have demonstrated their effectiveness in workshops organized, since 1986, in over 60 countries throughout the world.
Giving Adolescents a Voice: Conducting a Rapid Assessment of Adolescent
A Manual for Health Planners and Researchers
This manual provides a staged approach to develop and conduct a rapid assessment of adolescent health needs at the national level. A variety of methods and tools as options for data gathering follows a brief overview of adolescent health. Illustrations of planning tools and descriptions of specific strategies to assist field implementation based on cases from experience in the field are also included. This manual is designed as a flexible guide for use not only by those undertaking a national-level rapid assessment of adolescent health needs, but also by those who will conduct regional or local-level assessments with some adaptations. A 10-day schedule that can be used by teams to develop a plan to conduct a rapid assessment in a country is also included in the Appendix.
WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific
2001, viii + 88 pages [E]
ISBN 92 9061 159 6
Swiss francs: 7./US $6.30
In developing countries: Sw.Fr. 5.60
Order no. 1520008
The Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC)
Study involves the collaboration of researchers from several countries, under the auspices
of the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO) and the team from Canada
and the United States. Com-prehensive surveys of 11, 13, and 15 year olds are carried out
every four years in a growing number of countries and are used to investigate health
issues within and across participating countries. Erio Ziglio and Vivian Barnekow
Rasmussen represented the WHO Regional Office during the planning and administration of
the 1997-98 survey and ensured WHO standards would be met in the preparation of this
Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Study
Please be patient. This is a large file and slow to load.
Press release: Sex, drugs and potato crisps (includes summary of main findings)
1993, x + 109 pages [C, E, F, S]
ISBN 92 4 156154 8
Sw.fr. 23.-/US $20.70; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 16.10
Order no. 1150394
Issues a call for public health action that recognizes the unique health problems of young people and responds to their special need for support. Recommended actions also underscore the contributions young people can and do make to their own health and development and that of their societies. While noting that this age group has been traditionally regarded as enjoying good health, the book draws attention to a number of radical changes in social conditions that have created new hazards in the very areas where youth are most vulnerable.
The opening chapters profile the pressures faced by today's young people and describe conditions in the sociocultural context that affect the healthy development of youth. The third and most extensive chapter explains the nature of health problems that threaten this age group. Particular attention is given to problems arising from changes in sexual and social behaviour linked to unprecedented urbanization, industrialization and migration, the growth of mass communication, and the ease of travel.
Having illustrated the many factors that place adolescents at special risk, the book turns to the question of how policies, legislation, and programmes can be used to promote the health of young people, deter hazardous behaviour, prevent problems, and provide care and rehabilitation. A chapter citing examples of innovative programmes is also included. The final chapter, which has particular practical value, explains six methods, developed by WHO, that have been used to promote the health of young people through planning, research, training, evaluation, advocacy and direct intervention.
"... a succinct reference guide ... a global
overview of the current health status and needs of young people ... excellent..."
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
The Health of Youth
A Cross-National Survey
WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 69
1996, x + 222 pages [E]
ISBN 92 890 1333 8
Sw.fr. 59.-/US $53.10; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 41.30
Order no. 1310069
Presents and discusses the findings of a major cross-national study focused on the health-related behaviour of young people in Europe and North America. The study, which was coordinated by WHO, collected data on over 100,000 children, aged 11, 13, and 15 years, living in 24 countries. The result is a unique database on health-related attitudes, behaviours, and practices presented in a way that facilitates comparisons between countries and the sexes, rankings of countries according to healthy behaviours, and the identification of changing attitudes and behaviours as students age. Comparative findings are set out in over 120 tables and figures, which greatly facilitate interpretation of the wealth of data reported.
The study's conceptual framework and rigorous protocol are described in the opening chapter, which also explains how findings can help guide the development of policies and programmes for youth. The major findings of the study are then presented and discussed in seven chapters focused on specific attitudes and behaviours known to influence health.
Chapter two presents findings related to tobacco and alcohol consumption. Chapter three reports on physical and leisure-time activities in terms of sports, fitness activities, and the amount of time spent watching television and videos or playing computer games. Chapter four, on diet, body image, and dental care, presents data on the consumption of specific foods and drinks, on dieting and other indicators of body image, and on tooth-brushing habits.
Ailments and medication are covered in chapter five, which discusses the frequency of such stress-related complaints as headache, stomachache, and sleep disorders, and the use of medication to treat these ailments. Chapter six, on psychosocial adjustment, assesses findings about relationships with family, peers, and teachers. Subsequent chapters cover injuries and the use of seatbelts, and discuss the results of questions pertaining to attitudes towards the school experience, teachers, and fellow students.
Chapter nine considers how the various attitudes and behaviours included in the study interrelate, the context in which they develop, and the evolution of risk behaviour over the three age cohorts in the survey. Three items _ smoking, feeling happy, and perceived health status _ were selected to demonstrate how the information collected can be used to predict behaviours and health status. The report concludes with a summary of major findings and their policy implications.
The Narrative Research Method: Studying Behaviour Patterns of Young People - by Young People
A Guide to its Use
1993, 38 pages [E, F, S]
Sw.fr. 8.-/US $7.20; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 5.60
Order no. 1930054
Presents and explains a new approach to gathering data about adolescent health risks that draws on the knowledge and experience of young people and is intended for use by young people themselves. Known as the Narrative Research Method, this approach was developed in view of the urgent need to gather data, in a systematic way, on the most common patterns of sexual behaviour and relationships experienced by young people in their own societies. The method makes use of role play in the initial planning stages to develop a prototypical storyline which is then taken into the field and modified by other young people. The value of the method as a unique tool for gathering reliable data has been confirmed through extensive testing in eleven countries.
The booklet provides complete information about the purpose and practical application of the method, supported by numerous examples, model stories, sample questionnaires, and advice on the statistical analysis of results.
A Picture of Health?
A Review and Annotated Bibliography of the Health of Young People in Developing Countries
1995, 74 pages [E]
Sw.fr. 20.-/US $18.00; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 14.-
Order no. 1930087
Reviews what is known about the health of adolescents, aged 10_24, in developing countries with the aim of providing a comprehensive portrait of health problems and the magnitude of morbidity and mortality they cause. Noting that most health research in this age group has concentrated on problems related to sexual behaviour and substance abuse, the review gathers evidence of the many other problems, common in developing countries, that are either frequently neglected by health services or offer ideal opportunities for interventions to prevent serious disease later in life. Over 300 references to the literature, including numerous unpublished reports, are included in this thoroughly researched review.
The most extensive chapter reviews available epidemiological studies in order to identify specific problems and estimate their impact on adolescent health. Problems identified _ and rarely documented in studies from industrialized countries _ include nutrient deficiencies, the adverse effects of early childbearing, diseases such as tuberculosis and leprosy, tropical parasitic infections, rheumatic heart disease, accidents, epilepsy, and mental disorders. Country-specific facts and statistics are presented in numerous tables and graphs. The book concludes with an annotated bibliography of 43 key publications grouped according to 14 diseases, conditions, and behavioural patterns known to affect adolescent health.
Programming for Adolescent Health and Development
Report of a WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF Study Group on Programming for
Technical Report Series, No. 886
1999, vi + 260 pages [E, F*, S*]
ISBN 92 4 120886 4
Sw.fr. 56./US $50.40; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 39.20
Order no. 1100886
A review of currently available interventions aimed at improving adolescent health and development. Reflecting the consensus reached by a large group of experts, the report aims to establish a framework of strategies and principles that can support programmes for adolescent health at country level, particularly in the developing world. With this goal in mind, the report draws on abundant practical experiences and recent research findings to reach conclusions about which interventions work best to meet the varied health and development needs of adolescents. Throughout, particular attention is given to the use of participatory approaches, the importance of addressing factors in the social environment which protect or put adolescents at risk, and the need to focus on the development of positive social skills as well as the prevention of problems.
The report has ten chapters. The first describes the goals of programming for adolescent health and development in the context of health problems found in this age group. These arise from high-risk behaviours, such as unprotected sex and use and misuse of substances, including tobacco, and include sexually transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies, and intentional and accidental injuries. Additional health problems identified include anaemia, poor nutrition, and a high incidence of tuberculosis, malaria, schistosomiasis, and intestinal helminths in developing countries. Guiding concepts are elaborated in the second chapter, which shows how many health problems have common underlying causes. The chapter also presents the programming implications of viewing adolescence as a time of opportunity as well as heightened risks, and of recognizing that adolescents are not equally vulnerable.
Against this background, the central chapters assess the effectiveness of five major groups of interventions identified as crucial to adolescent health and development: creating a safe and supportive environment, providing information, building skills, offering counselling, and making health services attractive and accessible. Specific interventions are described and illustrated through examples from developing countries, which also provide lessons about their effective delivery. A key finding was the necessity for the delivery of interventions in multiple settings, described in the report as the home, schools, health centres, workplace, street, community organizations, and residential centres. The report considers the relative advantages and disadvantages of each setting and offers advice on how to select the best settings for the delivery of specific interventions.
Additional chapters outline ways to build political commitment, explain how to conduct a systematic assessment of programme priorities, discuss ways of sustaining or replicating successful programmes, and consider the importance of monitoring and evaluation. Practical conclusions are set out in the final chapter, which includes a number of recommendations for action at the international and country level.
Young People and Alcohol, Drugs and Tobacco
European Alcohol Action Plan
K. Anderson and J. Lehto
WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 66
1995, iv + 83 pages [E, F, G*, R*]
ISBN 92 890 1323 0
Sw.fr. 20.-/US $18.00; in developing countries: Sw.fr. 14.-
Order no. 1310066
A review of recent studies that shed light on the extent to which substance use by school-age young people in Europe is a problem, the reasons why young people drink, take drugs, or smoke, and the best opportunities for prevention. Emphasis is placed on the capacity of well-designed educational programmes in schools to influence substance-related attitudes and behaviour. Throughout, findings from recent research are supported by abundant practical examples of successful interventions, including several innovative projects.
The first three chapters look at drinking, drug use, and tobacco use by young people. Each chapter follows a similar format, beginning with an assessment of the extent to which the substance is misused, followed by a review of the reasons why youth use the substance, and concluding with a discussion of the harm caused to youth. A second group of chapters outlines opportunities for prevention within the school setting. Individual chapters introduce the concept of health-promoting schools, discuss the strengths and weaknesses of different school-based preventive measures, and offer advice on the aims, content, and steps involved in the development of a school policy. Affective and skills-based approaches, preferably led by peers, were judged the most effective, with facts-only programmes receiving the most negative evaluations.