Daily iron and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy
It is estimated that more than 40% of pregnant women worldwide are anaemic. At least half of this anaemia burden is assumed to be due to iron deficiency.
Pregnant women require additional iron and folic acid to meet their own nutritional needs as well as those of the developing fetus. Deficiencies in iron and folic acid during pregnancy can potentially negatively impact the health of the mother, her pregnancy, as well as fetal development.
Evidence has shown that the use of iron and folic acid supplements is associated with a reduced risk of iron deficiency and anaemia in pregnant women.
Daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation is recommended as part of the antenatal care to reduce the risk of low birth weight, maternal anaemia and iron deficiency.
A suggested scheme for daily iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women can be found in the WHO guideline, Daily iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women , under 'WHO documents' below.
Systematic reviews used to develop guidelines
Related systematic reviews
Anaemia, prenatal iron use, and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis
Routine iron/folate supplementation during pregnancy: effect on maternal anaemia and birth outcomes