e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA)

Daily iron and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy

It is estimated that more than 40% of pregnant women worldwide are anaemic. At least half of this anaemia burden is assumed to be due to iron deficiency.

Pregnant women require additional iron and folic acid to meet their own nutritional needs as well as those of the developing fetus. Deficiencies in iron and folic acid during pregnancy can potentially negatively impact the health of the mother, her pregnancy, as well as fetal development.

Evidence has shown that the use of iron and folic acid supplements is associated with a reduced risk of iron deficiency and anaemia in pregnant women.

WHO recommendations

Daily oral iron and folic acid supplementation is recommended as part of the antenatal care to reduce the risk of low birth weight, maternal anaemia and iron deficiency.


A suggested scheme for daily iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women can be found in the WHO guideline, Daily iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnant women , under 'WHO documents' below.

WHO documents


GRC-approved guidelines

Evidence


Systematic reviews used to develop guidelines
Related systematic reviews
Clinical trials
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Last update:

23 October 2014 12:40 CEST

Category 1 intervention

Guidelines have been recently approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee

Essential Nutrition Actions

This intervention is an Essential Nutrition Action targeting the first 1000 days of life.