e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA)

Energy and protein supplementation during pregnancy

The nutritional status of women prior to and during pregnancy plays a key role in fetal growth and development. Providing food supplements to undernourished pregnant women may help their babies to grow and thrive.

Reviews of the most recent evidence conclude that giving nutritional advice and balanced energy and protein supplements to pregnant women can improve fetal growth and may reduce the risk of fetal and neonatal death. High-protein supplements for pregnant women are unlikely to be beneficial and may be harmful to the fetus.

WHO documents

GRC-approved guidelines

Status: not currently available


Related Cochrane reviews
Other related systematic reviews
Clinical trials

Last update:

25 March 2014 13:32 CET

Category 2 intervention

Systematic review(s) have been conducted but no recent guidelines yet available that have been approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee