e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA)

Micronutrient supplementation in HIV-infected women during pregnancy

Micronutrient deficiencies are particularly common during pregnancy due to increased nutrient requirements, and can compromise the health of women infected with HIV/AIDS to a greater extent than in women without HIV/AIDS. Giving micronutrient supplements to HIV-infected pregnant women may therefore be expected to improve the health of both the mother and baby.

Available evidence shows that certain micronutrient supplements may offer some benefits and are safe for pregnant women with HIV, however further research is needed before specific recommendations can be made.

Adequate nutrition, which is best achieved through consumption of a balanced healthy diet, is vital for health and survival for all individuals regardless of HIV status.

WHO recommendations

Further research is needed before specific recommendations can be made.

WHO documents

WHO documents

GRC-approved guidelines

Status: not currently available



Related Cochrane reviews
Clinical trials

Last update:

15 June 2017 14:50 CEST

Category 2 intervention

Systematic review(s) have been conducted but no recent guidelines yet available that have been approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee

Biological, behavioural and contextual rationale


There is not yet any implementation information related to this intervention in GINA

Global targets

Implementation of this intervention may contribute to the achievement of the following targets:

Global nutrition targets

Target 1: 40% reduction in the number of children under-5 who are stunted

Target 3: 30% reduction in low birth weight

Target 6: Reduce and maintain childhood wasting to less than 5%