Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy
Micronutrients are only needed in very small quantities but are essential for normal physiological function, growth and development. Deficiencies of micronutrients such as vitamin A, iron, iodine and folate are particularly common among during pregnancy, due to increased nutrient requirements of the mother and developing fetus. These deficiencies can negatively impact the health of the mother, her pregnancy, as well as the health of the newborn baby.
The most current evidence shows that giving multiple micronutrient supplements to pregnant women may reduce the risk of low birth weight and of small size for gestational age, compared with iron and folic acid supplementation alone. However, further research is needed to assess the comparative advantage of replacing of iron and folate supplementation with multiple micronutrient supplementation.
Further research is needed before specific recommendations can be made.
Status: not currently available
Related Cochrane review
Other related systematic reviews
Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation and pregnancy outcomes in developing countries: meta-analysis and meta-regression
Effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy on maternal and birth outcomes
Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy in low-income countries: a meta-analysis of effects on stillbirths and on early and late neonatal mortality
Effects of prenatal multimicronutrient supplementation on pregnancy outcomes: a meta-analysis