Nutrition counselling for adolescents and adults with HIV/AIDS
Weight loss and undernutrition are common in people living with HIV/AIDS and are likely to accelerate disease progression, increase morbidity and reduce survival.
Nutritional counselling, care and support is important from the early stages of the infection to prevent the development of nutritional deficiencies. Nutrition counselling may improve health outcomes in adolescents and adults with HIV by reducing the incidence of HIV-associated complications and delaying the progression of HIV infection, thereby improving quality of life and ultimately reducing disease-related mortality.
Adequate nutrition, which is best achieved through consumption of a balanced healthy diet, is vital for health and survival for all individuals regardless of HIV status.
Further research is needed before specific recommendations can be made.
Status: not currently available
Other guidance documents
Nutrient requirements for people living with HIV/AIDS: report of a technical consultation
WHO consultative meeting on nutrition interventions for improving the prevention, care and management of HIV/AIDS
WHO manual on nutritional care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS
Related Cochrane reviews
Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV
- Podcast (Cochrane)
- Summary of this review