Iodization of salt
Iodine is essential for healthy brain development in the fetus and young child. Iodine deficiency negatively affects the health of women, as well as economic productivity and quality of life.
Most people need an additional source of iodine as it is found in relatively small amounts in the diet. Iodization is the process of fortifying salt for human consumption with iodine and is an effective strategy to increase iodine intake at the population level.
The public health goals of reducing salt and increasing iodine intake through salt iodization are compatible as the concentration of iodine in salt can be adjusted as needed. Monitoring the levels of iodine in salt and the iodine status of the population are critical for ensuring that the population's needs are met and not exceeded.
Universal salt iodization is the recommended intervention for preventing and correcting iodine deficiency.
Status: not currently available
Other guidance documents
Recommended iodine levels in salt and guidelines for monitoring their adequacy and effectiveness
Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients
Related Cochrane reviews
Other related systematic reviews
Fortified salt for preventing iodine deficiency disorders: a systematic review
Iodized salt for iodine deficiency disorders: a systematic review