Emergencies

Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan 2017

Funding requirements

Health sector funding requirements for 2017

US$ 109.6 million for 2017 (health partners including WHO).

WHO funding requirements for 2017

US$ 52 million

Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2017

There are 10.3 million people in need of health humanitarian assistance in 2017, of these 6.2 million are being targeted by the health sector including Iraq wide.

Background

The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most volatile in the world. The pace of displacement over the past three years is nearly without precedent. Over 4 million Iraqis are currently displaced, living in 3700 locations across the country including 1.1 million displaced to camps and emergency sites and 3.1 million outside the camps. During the past year, more than 750 000 people in areas impacted by the conflict have been newly displaced. In 2017, this number is expected to increase to as many as 1.2 to 1.5 million additional civilians.

The ongoing conflict has impacted nearly every aspect of Iraqi society. Iraqi civilians in conflict areas are in extreme danger. Civilians risk being caught in cross-fire and are subjected to targeted attacks; they face execution, abduction, rape, looting, detention and expulsion.

The operation in Mosul has the potential to be the single largest humanitarian operation in the world in 2017. Sources confirm that as many as 500,000 civilians in the central and eastern parts of the city are now accessible with huge humanitarian health needs and that 400,000 are in the western sections with no access and with even much greater needs. Without emergency support (food, water, health care and specialized protection assistance) will be unable to survive. Displaced families require comprehensive emergency assistance including shelter, food, water, sanitation, household items, health care, education and specialized protection.

Health sector situation

The number of health consultations performed in health clinics has increased eightfold and more than half of the secondary and tertiary hospitals in Mosul have been damaged or destroyed.

Security challenges mean that there is limited access to health services in partially liberated areas and inside of Mosul along with limited movement for humanitarian partners in newly accessible areas.

The shortage of safe water for populations trapped inside Mosul remains a concern as this increases the risk of outbreaks of water borne diseases.

Health sector objectives

Provide critical emergency health care and psychosocial support to highly vulnerable people as soon as they are accessible.

Provide a comprehensive package of essential health care services to people in priority locations.

Help to strengthen national health care systems and upgrade health facilities in crisis-affected areas.


WHO projects

Increasing health security for Iraqi vulnerable populations and responding to the life saving health needs of the people of Mosul
US$ 52 000 000

2016 Achievements

  • 5.8 million consultations recorded through WHO supported health facilities and mobile medical clinics.
  • 1.1 million people had direct access to essential medicines.
  • 5.8 million children were vaccinated against Polio in each of three national polio campaigns.
  • Forty mobile medical clinics (MMCs) and 37 ambulances were procured to support the delivery of primary health services for communities with limited access and for referral of trauma cases and those requiring specialized health interventions. This brings the total number of MMCs procured since 2014 to 64 and ambulances to 66.
  • Twenty four primary health care centers were either established or supported with basic essential medicines and 45 health caravans procured and prepositioned in strategic locations including camps and transit points to enhance the delivery of PHC services.
  • Following the military operation in Fallujah, WHO established a 12-bed capacity emergency prefab unit in Anbar and a 96 square meter drug store prefab in Amriate Al-Fallujah health sector.
  • WHO recruited war surgery experts to work with more than 75 general surgeons and junior medical doctors from Ninewa and Erbil. 60 medical doctors in Dahuk, Erbil and Ninewa along with 33 paramedical teams were trained and engaged in managing civilian casualties from Mosul on trauma management.
  • 684 195 children were vaccinated against measles.
  • 190 EWARNS sites fully functional.
  • No disease outbreak was reported during the year.

Acknowledgement

In 2016 WHO received financial contributions to support its humanitarian work in Iraq from the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, the United States of America, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the Central Emergency Response Fund, , Kuwait, Japan and the Republic of Korea