South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2017
Health sector funding requirements for 2017
US$ 144.7 million for 2017 (health partners including WHO).
WHO funding requirements for 2017
US $ 12 309 427
(Please note that the funding requirement will be modified shortly, as WHO is currently in the process of finalizing the operational plan for the famine response)
Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2017
Health partners will target 3 million people in 2017.
The humanitarian crisis in South Sudan spread and became more complex as a result of armed conflict and inter-communal violence, economic decline, disease, climatic shocks and famine.
More than three million people have been forced to flee their homes since the conflict began in December 2013, including nearly 1.9 million people who have been internally displaced (with 50% estimated to be children). Tens of thousands of people are estimated to have been killed in the conflict. Access is a key issue for internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Sudan, who are among the most vulnerable and the most difficult to reach with emergency health services. Over 80% of the highly mobile IDPs are outside camps, in insecure and inaccessible areas.
Nearly 5 million people across South Sudan – more than 40% of the population – are severely food insecure with thousands already facing starvation due to famine and many more are on the brink of famine, resulting in a declaration of famine in part of South Sudan's Unity state in February 2017.
Health sector situation
Maternal mortality is among the highest in the world and child mortality remains a major concern. The situation is the worst hunger catastrophe since fighting erupted more than three years ago. The population of South Sudan has limited access to health services due to conflict and the under-developed health infrastructure before and after independence.
Critical health service delivery gaps that have been identified in the current response to the health situation in the famine affected counties in South Sudan include: low quality and incomplete package of primary health care services, lack of an integral mental health component in nutrition programmes, medical management of severe and acute malnutrition, inadequate disease outbreak preparedness and response, and the challenging overall coordination of partners’ interventions.
The resulting poor access to health services, sanitation facilities and clean water, facilitates the spread of disease among the weakened population, which aggravates the high levels medical complications from acute malnutrition and water borne diseases including cholera.
Major health risks in South Sudan
- Severe acute malnutrition and famine
- Outbreaks of infectious diseases
- Psychosocial distress, gender-based violence
- conflict-related injuries
- Reduced access to emergency primary, secondary and maternal health services
WHO strategic objectives:
- Delivery of integrated life-saving and basic health services (including mental health and non-communicable diseases)
- Outbreak prevention and control
- Generation of timely reliable information for evidence based decision making
- Increase resilience and capacity of national health system
- Provision of coordination and operations support
Provision of quality health care and responding to health related emergencies in populations of humanitarian concern in the Republic of South Sudan
Requested funds US$ 10 309 427
Sustain access and availability for consolidated safe drinking water, sanitation, medical/hazardous waste and infection control in health facilities, among IDPs, population affected by epidemic prone diseases and malnutrition in South Sudan
Requested funds US$ 2 000 000
In 2016, all 223 health alerts were verified and if needed investigated, 51 outbreak identified and controlled. Over 95% of the outbreak alerts are verified within 48 hours.
WHO maintained the polio-free status in South Sudan, through regular mass vaccination campaigns, in spite of the increasingly difficult access due to the aggravating security context of the country.
Over 1.63 million people reached with lifesaving medical supplies in 2016
5 885 185 consultations have been conducted in 2016
3 709 cases of cholera have been detected and effectively managed while reducing the Case Fatality Rate from 21.1 to 1.73%. 69 039 people reached with Oral Cholera Vaccine
WHO would like to acknowledge financial support from Japan, the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, the Central Emergency Response Fund, and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the South Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund.