Emergencies

Syrian Arab Republic Humanitarian Response Plan 2017

Funding requirements

Health sector funding requirements for 2017

US$ 464.9 million for 2017 (health partners including WHO).

WHO funding requirements for 2017

US $ 163 748 100

Beneficiaries targeted by health partners in 2017

Health partners will target 12.8 million people in 2017.
This includes:
36% women
25% children
9% elderly

Background

All areas of the country are impacted by the continuing conflict, which has grown more violent over the last year. The conflict has resulted in thousands of deaths and injuries, increased internal displacement, large-scale migration, mounting humanitarian needs and diminished humanitarian access to many areas.

Eighteen locations in the Syrian Arab Republic are classified as besieged and three are classified as hard-to-reach. Together, they are home to over five million people. Attempts to deliver aid to these areas have been deliberately obstructed or delayed, and many medical and surgical supplies have been routinely removed from aid convoys.

Health sector situation

Essential health services remain in critical shortage across the country. Insufficient human resources, supplies, equipment and infrastructure continue to disrupt the functionality of the health system. Over half of the Syrian Arab Republic’s public hospitals and almost half of its public health care centres are either closed or are only partially functioning. A severe shortage in skilled birth attendants and obstetricians means pregnant women lack access to critical childbirth services. One in five Syrians has moderate mental health issues, and 1 in 30 is at risk of developing severe or acute mental health needs. Even though this is an area of growing need, only 20% of functioning health facilities provide mental health care.

Local health networks, connecting different levels of care through referral networks, remain fragmented, presenting a complicated path for patients seeking services. As access to life-saving medications and care is restricted, people with life-threatening, chronic diseases such as diabetes, kidney failure, asthma, epilepsy, cancer and cardiovascular illness are at continued risk of death or developing complications.

Humanitarian Response Plan strategic objectives

To provide life-saving and life-sustaining humanitarian health assistance to affected people.

To strengthen health sector coordination and health information systems to improve the life-saving health response for people in need, with an emphasis on enhancing protection and increasing access to health services.

To support community resilience, institutional and response capacity by empowering communities and national actors.


WHO projects

Enhancing Trauma Care /Mass Casualty Management and Physical Rehabilitation
Requested funds US$ 25 365 900

Strengthening sustainable and quality secondary health care, obstetric care and referral services across the country
Requested funds US$ 60 372 500

Sustaining delivery of primary health care (PHC) to the affected populations
Requested funds US$ 34 307 500

Reinforcing the Immunization Programme of the Polio Eradication Activies
Requested funds US$ 22 156 000

Enhancing and expanding the established early warning alert and response systems/networks for the early detection, prevention and control of potential epidemic prone diseases
Requested funds US$ 5 549 750

Integrating of MHPSS in primary, secondary and tertiary health care levels, including community-based MHPSS
Requested funds US$ 4 785 000

Reinforce Health Information Systems for Emergency Response and Resilience
Requested funds US$ 1 527 700

Reinforce inter- and intra-hub health sector coordination for effective health response (SYR-17/H/100811/122)
Requested funds US$ 3 086 250

Enhance the prevention and early detection of malnutrition in children under five and referral for treatment of complicated cases of SAM
Requested funds US$ 1 666 250

Establishing sustainable quality water supply, integrated medical waste management systems in healthcare facilities and supporting WASH services to prevent/ control disease in under -served and vulnerable population and IDPs.
US$ 4 931 250

2016 Achievements

Over 11 million treatments delivered across the country, of which over 1.7 million were delivered through cross-border operations. Over 30 cross-border missions conducted to besieged and hard-to-reach locations.

Essential medical equipment and ambulances distributed to hospitals and health care centres.

Children in besieged and hard-to-reach areas vaccinated against childhood diseases.

All 18 besieged areas reached with humanitarian health assistance.

34 cross-border missions conducted to besieged and hard-to-reach locations.

1618 sentinel sites reporting to the disease early warning and response system/ network.

Nutritional surveillance services for children under five expanded to 445 health care centres.

Health care facilities across the country continually assessed.

More than 41 000 health care staff trained on a wide range of topics including trauma care, first aid, primary health care, reproductive health, and the management of noncommunicable diseases.

Acknowledgement

In 2016 WHO received financial contributions to supports its humanitarian work in the Syrian Arab Republic from Japan, the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Norway, China, Kuwait, and the United States of America.